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T1005 Data from Local System

Adversaries may search local system sources, such as file systems and configuration files or local databases, to find files of interest and sensitive data prior to Exfiltration.

Adversaries may do this using a Command and Scripting Interpreter, such as cmd as well as a Network Device CLI, which have functionality to interact with the file system to gather information.1 Adversaries may also use Automated Collection on the local system.

Item Value
ID T1005
Tactics TA0009
Platforms Linux, Network, Windows, macOS
Version 1.6
Created 31 May 2017
Last Modified 12 April 2023

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S1028 Action RAT Action RAT can collect local data from an infected machine.81
S1025 Amadey Amadey can collect information from a compromised host.31
G0138 Andariel Andariel has collected large numbers of files from compromised network systems for later extraction.192
S0622 AppleSeed AppleSeed can collect data on a compromised host.2930
G0006 APT1 APT1 has collected files from a local victim.161
G0007 APT28 APT28 has retrieved internal documents from machines inside victim environments, including by using Forfiles to stage documents before exfiltration.11186187188
G0022 APT3 APT3 will identify Microsoft Office documents on the victim’s computer.170
G0067 APT37 APT37 has collected data from victims’ local systems.174
G0082 APT38 APT38 has collected data from a compromised host.189
G0087 APT39 APT39 has used various tools to steal files from the compromised host.183184
G0096 APT41 APT41 has uploaded files and data from a compromised host.160
S1029 AuTo Stealer AuTo Stealer can collect data such as PowerPoint files, Word documents, Excel files, PDF files, text files, database files, and image files from an infected machine.81
G0001 Axiom Axiom has collected data from a compromised network.64
S0642 BADFLICK BADFLICK has uploaded files from victims’ machines.152
S0128 BADNEWS When it first starts, BADNEWS crawls the victim’s local drives and collects documents with the following extensions: .doc, .docx, .pdf, .ppt, .pptx, and .txt.5859
S0337 BadPatch BadPatch collects files from the local system that have the following extensions, then prepares them for exfiltration: .xls, .xlsx, .pdf, .mdb, .rar, .zip, .doc, .docx.106
S0234 Bandook Bandook can collect local files from the system .145
S0239 Bankshot Bankshot collects files from the local system.60
S0534 Bazar Bazar can retrieve information from the infected machine.87
S0268 Bisonal Bisonal has collected information from a compromised host.18
S0564 BlackMould BlackMould can copy files on a compromised host.46
S0520 BLINDINGCAN BLINDINGCAN has uploaded files from victim machines.57
S0651 BoxCaon BoxCaon can upload files from a compromised host.36
G0060 BRONZE BUTLER BRONZE BUTLER has exfiltrated files stolen from local systems.176
S1063 Brute Ratel C4
Brute Ratel C4 has the ability to upload files from a compromised system.9
S1039 Bumblebee Bumblebee can capture and compress stolen credentials from the Registry and volume shadow copies.146
C0015 C0015 During C0015, the threat actors obtained files and data from the compromised network.198
C0017 C0017 During C0017, APT41 collected information related to compromised machines as well as Personal Identifiable Information (PII) from victim networks.203
S0274 Calisto Calisto can collect data from user directories.136
S0572 Caterpillar WebShell Caterpillar WebShell has a module to collect information from the local database.138
S1043 ccf32 ccf32 can collect files from a compromised host.12
S0674 CharmPower CharmPower can collect data and files from a compromised host.130
S0020 China Chopper China Chopper‘s server component can upload local files.132133134131
S0667 Chrommme Chrommme can collect data from a local system.27
S0660 Clambling Clambling can collect information from a compromised host.105
S0154 Cobalt Strike Cobalt Strike can collect data from a local system.9394
S0492 CookieMiner CookieMiner has retrieved iPhone text messages from iTunes phone backup files.120
S0050 CosmicDuke CosmicDuke steals user files from local hard drives with file extensions that match a predefined list.76
C0004 CostaRicto During CostaRicto, the threat actors collected data and files from compromised networks.43
S1023 CreepyDrive CreepyDrive can upload files to C2 from victim machines.84
S0115 Crimson Crimson can collect information from a compromised host.26
S0538 Crutch Crutch can exfiltrate files from compromised systems.150
S0498 Cryptoistic Cryptoistic can retrieve files from the local file system.73
G1012 CURIUM CURIUM has exfiltrated data from a compromised machine.173
S0687 Cyclops Blink Cyclops Blink can upload files from a compromised host.147
S1014 DanBot DanBot can upload files from compromised hosts.39
G0070 Dark Caracal Dark Caracal collected complete contents of the ‘Pictures’ folder from compromised Windows systems.190
S0673 DarkWatchman DarkWatchman can collect files from a compromised host.149
S1021 DnsSystem DnsSystem can upload files from infected machines after receiving a command with uploaddd in the string.40
G0035 Dragonfly Dragonfly has collected data from local victim systems.175
S0694 DRATzarus DRATzarus can collect information from a compromised host.102
S0502 Drovorub Drovorub can transfer files from the victim machine.17
S0567 Dtrack Dtrack can collect a variety of information from victim machines.148
S0634 EnvyScout EnvyScout can collect sensitive NTLM material from a compromised host.42
S0404 esentutl esentutl can be used to collect data from local file systems.13
S0512 FatDuke FatDuke can copy files and directories from a compromised host.65
G0037 FIN6 FIN6 has collected and exfiltrated payment card data from compromised systems.180181182
G0046 FIN7 FIN7 has collected files and other sensitive information from a compromised network.164
S0696 Flagpro Flagpro can collect data from a compromised host, including Windows authentication information.116
S0036 FLASHFLOOD FLASHFLOOD searches for interesting files (either a default or customized set of file extensions) on the local system. FLASHFLOOD will scan the My Recent Documents, Desktop, Temporary Internet Files, and TEMP directories. FLASHFLOOD also collects information stored in the Windows Address Book.80
S0381 FlawedAmmyy FlawedAmmyy has collected information and files from a compromised machine.51
S0661 FoggyWeb FoggyWeb can retrieve configuration data from a compromised AD FS server.119
S0193 Forfiles Forfiles can be used to act on (ex: copy, move, etc.) files/directories in a system during (ex: copy files into a staging area before).11
G0117 Fox Kitten Fox Kitten has searched local system resources to access sensitive documents.185
S0503 FrameworkPOS FrameworkPOS can collect elements related to credit card data from process memory.72
C0001 Frankenstein During Frankenstein, the threat actors used Empire to gather various local system information.196
S1044 FunnyDream FunnyDream can upload files from victims’ machines.1249
G0093 GALLIUM GALLIUM collected data from the victim’s local system, including password hashes from the SAM hive in the Registry.191
G0047 Gamaredon Group Gamaredon Group has collected files from infected systems and uploaded them to a C2 server.178
S0666 Gelsemium Gelsemium can collect data from a compromised host.27
S0477 Goopy Goopy has the ability to exfiltrate documents from infected systems.86
S0237 GravityRAT GravityRAT steals files with the following extensions: .docx, .doc, .pptx, .ppt, .xlsx, .xls, .rtf, and .pdf.115
S0690 Green Lambert Green Lambert can collect data from a compromised host.97
S0632 GrimAgent GrimAgent can collect data and files from a compromised host.32
G0125 HAFNIUM HAFNIUM has collected data and files from a compromised machine.131
S0009 Hikit Hikit can upload files from compromised machines.64
S0203 Hydraq Hydraq creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can read data from files.107108
S1022 IceApple IceApple can collect files, passwords, and other data from a compromised host.37
G0100 Inception Inception used a file hunting plugin to collect .txt, .pdf, .xls or .doc files from the infected host.162
S0260 InvisiMole InvisiMole can collect data from the system, and can monitor changes in specified directories.66
S0015 Ixeshe Ixeshe can collect data from a local system.63
S0265 Kazuar Kazuar uploads files from a specified directory to the C2 server.50
G0004 Ke3chang Ke3chang gathered information and files from local directories for exfiltration.168109
S1020 Kevin Kevin can upload logs and other data from a compromised host.137
S0526 KGH_SPY KGH_SPY can send a file containing victim system information to C2.71
G0094 Kimsuky Kimsuky has collected Office, PDF, and HWP documents from its victims.171172
S0250 Koadic Koadic can download files off the target system to send back to the server.76
S0356 KONNI KONNI has stored collected information and discovered processes in a tmp file.135
G1004 LAPSUS$ LAPSUS$ uploaded sensitive files, information, and credentials from a targeted organization for extortion or public release.179
G0032 Lazarus Group Lazarus Group has collected data and files from compromised networks.159157158110
S0395 LightNeuron LightNeuron can collect files from a local system.92
S0211 Linfo Linfo creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can obtain data from local systems.78
G1014 LuminousMoth LuminousMoth has collected files and data from compromised machines.156155
S0409 Machete Machete searches the File system for files of interest.117
S1016 MacMa MacMa can collect then exfiltrate files from the compromised system.23
S1060 Mafalda Mafalda can collect files and information from a compromised host.89
G0059 Magic Hound Magic Hound has used a web shell to exfiltrate a ZIP file containing a dump of LSASS memory on a compromised machine.194193
S0652 MarkiRAT MarkiRAT can upload data from the victim’s machine to the C2 server.124
S0500 MCMD MCMD has the ability to upload files from an infected device.8
G0045 menuPass menuPass has collected various files from the compromised computers.166167
S1059 metaMain metaMain can collect files and system information from a compromised host.89101
S1015 Milan Milan can upload files from a compromised host.28
S0084 Mis-Type Mis-Type has collected files and data from a compromised host.121
S0083 Misdat Misdat has collected files and data from a compromised host.121
S0079 MobileOrder MobileOrder exfiltrates data collected from the victim mobile device.139
S1026 Mongall Mongall has the ability to upload files from victim’s machines.52
S0630 Nebulae Nebulae has the capability to upload collected files to C2.56
S0691 Neoichor Neoichor can upload files from a victim’s machine.109
C0002 Night Dragon During Night Dragon, the threat actors collected files and other data from compromised systems.199
S0385 njRAT njRAT can collect data from a local system.128
S0340 Octopus Octopus can exfiltrate files from the system using a documents collector tool.88
C0012 Operation CuckooBees During Operation CuckooBees, the threat actors collected data, files, and other information from compromised networks.200
C0022 Operation Dream Job During Operation Dream Job, Lazarus Group used malicious Trojans and DLL files to exfiltrate data from an infected host.102195
C0006 Operation Honeybee During Operation Honeybee, the threat actors collected data from compromised hosts.201
C0014 Operation Wocao During Operation Wocao, threat actors exfiltrated files and directories of interest from the targeted system.202
S0352 OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D has the ability to upload files from a compromised host.38
S0594 Out1 Out1 can copy files and Registry data from compromised hosts.10
S1017 OutSteel OutSteel can collect information from a compromised host.79
S0598 P.A.S. Webshell P.A.S. Webshell has the ability to copy files on a compromised host.140
S0208 Pasam Pasam creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve files.126
G0040 Patchwork Patchwork collected and exfiltrated files from the infected system.177
S1050 PcShare PcShare can collect files and information from a compromised host.12
S0517 Pillowmint Pillowmint has collected credit card data using native API functions.61
S0048 PinchDuke PinchDuke collects user files from the compromised host based on predefined file extensions.112
S1031 PingPull PingPull can collect data from a compromised host.90
S0012 PoisonIvy PoisonIvy creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can steal system information.118
S1012 PowerLess PowerLess has the ability to exfiltrate data, including Chrome and Edge browser database files, from compromised machines.122
S0194 PowerSploit PowerSploit contains a collection of Exfiltration modules that can access data from local files, volumes, and processes.1415
S0223 POWERSTATS POWERSTATS can upload files from compromised hosts.19
S0238 Proxysvc Proxysvc searches the local system and gathers data.91
S0197 PUNCHTRACK PUNCHTRACK scrapes memory for properly formatted payment card data.2425
S0650 QakBot QakBot can use a variety of commands, including esentutl.exe to steal sensitive data from Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge, to acquire information that is subsequently exfiltrated.6768
S0262 QuasarRAT QuasarRAT can retrieve files from compromised client machines.16
S0686 QuietSieve QuietSieve can collect files from a compromised host.114
S0629 RainyDay RainyDay can use a file exfiltration tool to collect recently changed files on a compromised host.56
S0458 Ramsay Ramsay can collect Microsoft Word documents from the target’s file system, as well as .txt, .doc, and .xls files from the Internet Explorer cache.6970
S0169 RawPOS RawPOS dumps memory from specific processes on a victim system, parses the dumped files, and scrapes them for credit card data.333435
S0662 RCSession RCSession can collect data from a compromised host.113105
S0448 Rising Sun Rising Sun has collected data and files from a compromised host.96
S0240 ROKRAT ROKRAT can collect host data and specific file types.9899100
S0090 Rover Rover searches for files on local drives based on a predefined list of file extensions.104
S1018 Saint Bot Saint Bot can collect files and information from a compromised host.127
G0034 Sandworm Team Sandworm Team has exfiltrated internal documents, files, and other data from compromised hosts.165
S0461 SDBbot SDBbot has the ability to access the file system on a compromised host.103
S1019 Shark Shark can upload files to its C2.28125
S0444 ShimRat ShimRat has the capability to upload collected files to a C2.54
S0610 SideTwist SideTwist has the ability to upload files from a compromised host.47
S0533 SLOTHFULMEDIA SLOTHFULMEDIA has uploaded files and information from victim machines.82
C0024 SolarWinds Compromise During the SolarWinds Compromise, APT29 extracted files from compromised networks.197
S0615 SombRAT SombRAT has collected data and files from a compromised host.4344
S0646 SpicyOmelette SpicyOmelette has collected data and other information from a compromised host.141
S1037 STARWHALE STARWHALE can collect data from an infected local host.83
G0038 Stealth Falcon Stealth Falcon malware gathers data from the local victim system.154
S1034 StrifeWater StrifeWater can collect data from a compromised host.45
S0559 SUNBURST SUNBURST collected information from a compromised host.2021
S1064 SVCReady SVCReady can collect data from an infected host.22
S0663 SysUpdate SysUpdate can collect information and files from a compromised host.142
S0011 Taidoor Taidoor can upload data and files from a victim’s machine.77
S0467 TajMahal TajMahal has the ability to steal documents from the local system including the print spooler queue.143
G0027 Threat Group-3390 Threat Group-3390 ran a command to compile an archive of file types of interest from the victim user’s directories.153
S0665 ThreatNeedle ThreatNeedle can collect data and files from a compromised host.110
S0668 TinyTurla TinyTurla can upload files from a compromised host.85
S0671 Tomiris Tomiris has the ability to collect recent files matching a hardcoded list of extensions prior to exfiltration.53
S0266 TrickBot TrickBot collects local files and information from the victim’s local machine.48
G0010 Turla Turla RPC backdoors can upload files from victim machines.169
S0386 Ursnif Ursnif has collected files from victim machines, including certificates and cookies.111
S0452 USBferry USBferry can collect information from an air-gapped host machine.123
S0670 WarzoneRAT WarzoneRAT can collect data from a compromised host.62
S0515 WellMail WellMail can exfiltrate files from the victim machine.41
S0514 WellMess WellMess can send files from the victim machine to C2.7475
S0645 Wevtutil Wevtutil can be used to export events from a specific log.45
G0124 Windigo Windigo has used a script to gather credentials in files left on disk by OpenSSH backdoors.163
S1065 Woody RAT Woody RAT can collect information from a compromised host.55
S0653 xCaon xCaon has uploaded files from victims’ machines.36
S0658 XCSSET XCSSET collects contacts and application data from files in Desktop, Documents, Downloads, Dropbox, and WeChat folders.144
S0248 yty yty collects files with the following extensions: .ppt, .pptx, .pdf, .doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx, .docm, .rtf, .inp, .xlsm, .csv, .odt, .pps, .vcf and sends them back to the C2 server.151
S0672 Zox Zox has the ability to upload files from a targeted system.64
S0412 ZxShell ZxShell can transfer files from a compromised host.129
S1013 ZxxZ ZxxZ can collect data from a compromised host.95


ID Mitigation Description
M1057 Data Loss Prevention Data loss prevention can restrict access to sensitive data and detect sensitive data that is unencrypted.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0017 Command Command Execution
DS0022 File File Access
DS0009 Process OS API Execution
DS0012 Script Script Execution


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