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T1210 Exploitation of Remote Services

Adversaries may exploit remote services to gain unauthorized access to internal systems once inside of a network. Exploitation of a software vulnerability occurs when an adversary takes advantage of a programming error in a program, service, or within the operating system software or kernel itself to execute adversary-controlled code. A common goal for post-compromise exploitation of remote services is for lateral movement to enable access to a remote system.

An adversary may need to determine if the remote system is in a vulnerable state, which may be done through Network Service Discovery or other Discovery methods looking for common, vulnerable software that may be deployed in the network, the lack of certain patches that may indicate vulnerabilities, or security software that may be used to detect or contain remote exploitation. Servers are likely a high value target for lateral movement exploitation, but endpoint systems may also be at risk if they provide an advantage or access to additional resources.

There are several well-known vulnerabilities that exist in common services such as SMB 1 and RDP 2 as well as applications that may be used within internal networks such as MySQL 3 and web server services.4

Depending on the permissions level of the vulnerable remote service an adversary may achieve Exploitation for Privilege Escalation as a result of lateral movement exploitation as well.

Item Value
ID T1210
Tactics TA0008
Platforms Linux, Windows, macOS
Permissions required User
Version 1.1
Created 18 April 2018
Last Modified 24 February 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
G0007 APT28 APT28 exploited a Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability to conduct lateral movement.373839
S0606 Bad Rabbit Bad Rabbit used the EternalRomance SMB exploit to spread through victim networks.10
S0608 Conficker Conficker exploited the MS08-067 Windows vulnerability for remote code execution through a crafted RPC request.25
G0035 Dragonfly Dragonfly has exploited a Windows Netlogon vulnerability (CVE-2020-1472) to obtain access to Windows Active Directory servers.42
S0367 Emotet Emotet has been seen exploiting SMB via a vulnerability exploit like EternalBlue (MS17-010) to achieve lateral movement and propagation. 14151617
S0363 Empire Empire has a limited number of built-in modules for exploiting remote SMB, JBoss, and Jenkins servers.8
G0046 FIN7 FIN7 has exploited ZeroLogon (CVE-2020-1472) against vulnerable domain controllers.40
S0143 Flame Flame can use MS10-061 to exploit a print spooler vulnerability in a remote system with a shared printer in order to move laterally.2728
G0117 Fox Kitten Fox Kitten has exploited known vulnerabilities in remote services including RDP.323334
S0260 InvisiMole InvisiMole can spread within a network via the BlueKeep (CVE-2019-0708) and EternalBlue (CVE-2017-0144) vulnerabilities in RDP and SMB respectively.18
S0532 Lucifer Lucifer can exploit multiple vulnerabilities including EternalBlue (CVE-2017-0144) and EternalRomance (CVE-2017-0144).23
G0045 menuPass menuPass has used tools to exploit the ZeroLogon vulnerability (CVE-2020-1472).41
S0368 NotPetya NotPetya can use two exploits in SMBv1, EternalBlue and EternalRomance, to spread itself to other remote systems on the network.192021
S0378 PoshC2 PoshC2 contains a module for exploiting SMB via EternalBlue.9
S0650 QakBot QakBot can move laterally using worm-like functionality through exploitation of SMB.22
S0603 Stuxnet Stuxnet propagates using the MS10-061 Print Spooler and MS08-067 Windows Server Service vulnerabilities.26
G0027 Threat Group-3390 Threat Group-3390 has exploited MS17-010 to move laterally to other systems on the network.36
G0131 Tonto Team Tonto Team has used EternalBlue exploits for lateral movement.35
S0266 TrickBot TrickBot utilizes EternalBlue and EternalRomance exploits for lateral movement in the modules wormwinDll, wormDll, mwormDll, nwormDll, tabDll.24
S0366 WannaCry WannaCry uses an exploit in SMBv1 to spread itself to other remote systems on a network.111213
G0102 Wizard Spider Wizard Spider has exploited or attempted to exploit Zerologon (CVE-2020-1472) and EternalBlue (MS17-010) vulnerabilities.293031


ID Mitigation Description
M1048 Application Isolation and Sandboxing Make it difficult for adversaries to advance their operation through exploitation of undiscovered or unpatched vulnerabilities by using sandboxing. Other types of virtualization and application microsegmentation may also mitigate the impact of some types of exploitation. Risks of additional exploits and weaknesses in these systems may still exist. 5
M1042 Disable or Remove Feature or Program Minimize available services to only those that are necessary.
M1050 Exploit Protection Security applications that look for behavior used during exploitation such as Windows Defender Exploit Guard (WDEG) and the Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET) can be used to mitigate some exploitation behavior. 6 Control flow integrity checking is another way to potentially identify and stop a software exploit from occurring. 7 Many of these protections depend on the architecture and target application binary for compatibility and may not work for all software or services targeted.
M1030 Network Segmentation Segment networks and systems appropriately to reduce access to critical systems and services to controlled methods.
M1026 Privileged Account Management Minimize permissions and access for service accounts to limit impact of exploitation.
M1019 Threat Intelligence Program Develop a robust cyber threat intelligence capability to determine what types and levels of threat may use software exploits and 0-days against a particular organization.
M1051 Update Software Update software regularly by employing patch management for internal enterprise endpoints and servers.
M1016 Vulnerability Scanning Regularly scan the internal network for available services to identify new and potentially vulnerable services.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0015 Application Log Application Log Content
DS0029 Network Traffic Network Traffic Content


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  42. CISA. (2020, December 1). Russian State-Sponsored Advanced Persistent Threat Actor Compromises U.S. Government Targets. Retrieved December 9, 2021. 

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