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T1610 Deploy Container

Adversaries may deploy a container into an environment to facilitate execution or evade defenses. In some cases, adversaries may deploy a new container to execute processes associated with a particular image or deployment, such as processes that execute or download malware. In others, an adversary may deploy a new container configured without network rules, user limitations, etc. to bypass existing defenses within the environment.

Containers can be deployed by various means, such as via Docker’s create and start APIs or via a web application such as the Kubernetes dashboard or Kubeflow.123 Adversaries may deploy containers based on retrieved or built malicious images or from benign images that download and execute malicious payloads at runtime.4

Item Value
ID T1610
Sub-techniques
Tactics TA0005, TA0002
Platforms Containers
Permissions required User, root
Version 1.1
Created 29 March 2021
Last Modified 01 April 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0600 Doki Doki was run through a deployed container.10
S0599 Kinsing Kinsing was run through a deployed Ubuntu container.9
S0683 Peirates Peirates can deploy a pod that mounts its node’s root file system, then execute a command to create a reverse shell on the node.8
G0139 TeamTNT TeamTNT has deployed different types of containers into victim environments to facilitate execution.1112

Mitigations

ID Mitigation Description
M1047 Audit Scan images before deployment, and block those that are not in compliance with security policies. In Kubernetes environments, the admission controller can be used to validate images after a container deployment request is authenticated but before the container is deployed.5
M1035 Limit Access to Resource Over Network Limit communications with the container service to local Unix sockets or remote access via SSH. Require secure port access to communicate with the APIs over TLS by disabling unauthenticated access to the Docker API, Kubernetes API Server, and container orchestration web applications.67
M1030 Network Segmentation Deny direct remote access to internal systems through the use of network proxies, gateways, and firewalls.
M1018 User Account Management Enforce the principle of least privilege by limiting container dashboard access to only the necessary users.

Detection

ID Data Source Data Component
DS0015 Application Log Application Log Content
DS0032 Container Container Creation
DS0014 Pod Pod Creation

References

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