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T1578.002 Create Cloud Instance

An adversary may create a new instance or virtual machine (VM) within the compute service of a cloud account to evade defenses. Creating a new instance may allow an adversary to bypass firewall rules and permissions that exist on instances currently residing within an account. An adversary may Create Snapshot of one or more volumes in an account, create a new instance, mount the snapshots, and then apply a less restrictive security policy to collect Data from Local System or for Remote Data Staging.1

Creating a new instance may also allow an adversary to carry out malicious activity within an environment without affecting the execution of current running instances.

Item Value
ID T1578.002
Sub-techniques T1578.001, T1578.002, T1578.003, T1578.004
Tactics TA0005
Platforms IaaS
Permissions required User
Version 1.1
Created 14 May 2020
Last Modified 08 March 2021

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
G1004 LAPSUS$ LAPSUS$ has created new virtual machines within the target’s cloud environment after leveraging credential access to cloud assets.5


ID Mitigation Description
M1047 Audit Routinely check user permissions to ensure only the expected users have the capability to create new instances.
M1018 User Account Management Limit permissions for creating new instances in accordance with least privilege. Organizations should limit the number of users within the organization with an IAM role that has administrative privileges, strive to reduce all permanent privileged role assignments, and conduct periodic entitlement reviews on IAM users, roles and policies.1


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0030 Instance Instance Creation