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T1588.002 Tool

Adversaries may buy, steal, or download software tools that can be used during targeting. Tools can be open or closed source, free or commercial. A tool can be used for malicious purposes by an adversary, but (unlike malware) were not intended to be used for those purposes (ex: PsExec). Tool acquisition can involve the procurement of commercial software licenses, including for red teaming tools such as Cobalt Strike. Commercial software may be obtained through purchase, stealing licenses (or licensed copies of the software), or cracking trial versions.1

Adversaries may obtain tools to support their operations, including to support execution of post-compromise behaviors. In addition to freely downloading or purchasing software, adversaries may steal software and/or software licenses from third-party entities (including other adversaries).

Item Value
ID T1588.002
Sub-techniques T1588.001, T1588.002, T1588.003, T1588.004, T1588.005, T1588.006
Tactics TA0042
Platforms PRE
Version 1.1
Created 01 October 2020
Last Modified 17 October 2021

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
G0099 APT-C-36 APT-C-36 obtained and used a modified variant of Imminent Monitor.60
G0006 APT1 APT1 has used various open-source tools for privilege escalation purposes.73
G0073 APT19 APT19 has obtained and used publicly-available tools like Empire.6869
G0007 APT28 APT28 has obtained and used open-source tools like Koadic, Mimikatz, and Responder.646566
G0016 APT29 APT29 has obtained and used a variety of tools including Mimikatz, SDelete, Tor, meek, and Cobalt Strike.171819
G0050 APT32 APT32 has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz and Cobalt Strike, and a variety of other open-source tools from GitHub.3738
G0064 APT33 APT33 has obtained and leveraged publicly-available tools for early intrusion activities.3435
G0082 APT38 APT38 has obtained and used open-source tools such as Mimikatz.39
G0087 APT39 APT39 has modified and used customized versions of publicly-available tools like PLINK and Mimikatz.67
G0096 APT41 APT41 has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz, pwdump, PowerSploit, and Windows Credential Editor.72
G0143 Aquatic Panda Aquatic Panda has acquired and used Cobalt Strike in its operations.43
G0135 BackdoorDiplomacy BackdoorDiplomacy has obtained a variety of open-source reconnaissance and red team tools for discovery and lateral movement.31
G0098 BlackTech BlackTech has obtained and used tools such as Putty, SNScan, and PsExec for its operations.10
G0108 Blue Mockingbird Blue Mockingbird has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz.67
G0060 BRONZE BUTLER BRONZE BUTLER has obtained and used open-source tools such as Mimikatz, gsecdump, and Windows Credential Editor.61
G0008 Carbanak Carbanak has obtained and used open-source tools such as PsExec and Mimikatz.21
G0114 Chimera Chimera has obtained and used tools such as BloodHound, Cobalt Strike, Mimikatz, and PsExec.5657
G0003 Cleaver Cleaver has obtained and used open-source tools such as PsExec, Windows Credential Editor, and Mimikatz.71
G0080 Cobalt Group Cobalt Group has obtained and used a variety of tools including Mimikatz, PsExec, Cobalt Strike, and SDelete.4
G0052 CopyKittens CopyKittens has used Metasploit and Empire for post-exploitation activities.13
G0132 CostaRicto CostaRicto has obtained open source tools to use in their operations.70
G0079 DarkHydrus DarkHydrus has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz, Empire, and Cobalt Strike.25
G0105 DarkVishnya DarkVishnya has obtained and used tools such as Impacket, Winexe, and PsExec.36
G0035 Dragonfly Dragonfly has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz, CrackMapExec, and PsExec.22
G0137 Ferocious Kitten Ferocious Kitten has obtained open source tools for its operations, including JsonCPP and Psiphon.41
G0051 FIN10 FIN10 has relied on publicly-available software to gain footholds and establish persistence in victim environments.32
G0053 FIN5 FIN5 has obtained and used a customized version of PsExec, as well as use other tools such as pwdump, SDelete, and Windows Credential Editor.16
G0037 FIN6 FIN6 has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz, Cobalt Strike, and AdFind.89
G0101 Frankenstein Frankenstein has obtained and used Empire to deploy agents.42
G0093 GALLIUM GALLIUM has used a variety of widely-available tools, which in some cases they modified to add functionality and/or subvert antimalware solutions.53
G0078 Gorgon Group Gorgon Group has obtained and used tools such as QuasarRAT and Remcos.48
G0100 Inception Inception has obtained and used open-source tools such as LaZagne.5
G0136 IndigoZebra IndigoZebra has acquired open source tools such as NBTscan and Meterpreter for their operations.5455
G0004 Ke3chang Ke3chang has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz.59
G0094 Kimsuky Kimsuky has obtained and used tools such as Nirsoft WebBrowserPassVIew, Mimikatz, and PsExec.1112
G0032 Lazarus Group Lazarus Group has obtained a variety of tools for their operations, including Responder, PuTTy PSCP, Wake-On-Lan, ChromePass, and dbxcli.505152
G0077 Leafminer Leafminer has obtained and used tools such as LaZagne, Mimikatz, PsExec, and MailSniper.33
G0059 Magic Hound Magic Hound has obtained and used open-source penetration testing tools like Havij, sqlmap, Metasploit, and Mimikatz.283029
G0045 menuPass menuPass has used and modified open-source tools like Impacket, Mimikatz, and pwdump.27
G0069 MuddyWater MuddyWater has made use of legitimate tools ConnectWise and RemoteUtilities for access to target environments.40
G0014 Night Dragon Night Dragon has obtained and used tools such as gsecdump.20
G0040 Patchwork Patchwork has obtained and used open-source tools such as QuasarRAT.58
G0011 PittyTiger PittyTiger has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz and gsecdump.74
G0034 Sandworm Team Sandworm Team has acquired open-source tools for some of it’s operations; for example it acquired Invoke-PSImage to establish an encrypted channel from a compromised host to Sandworm Team‘s C2 server as part of its preparation for the 2018 Winter Olympics attack.44
G0091 Silence Silence has obtained and modified versions of publicly-available tools like Empire and PsExec.23 24
G0122 Silent Librarian Silent Librarian has obtained free and publicly available tools including SingleFile and HTTrack to copy login pages of targeted organizations.1415
G0088 TEMP.Veles TEMP.Veles has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz and PsExec.26
G0027 Threat Group-3390 Threat Group-3390 has obtained and used tools such as Impacket, pwdump, Mimikatz, gsecdump, NBTscan, and Windows Credential Editor.6362
G0076 Thrip Thrip has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz and PsExec.46
G0010 Turla Turla has obtained and customized publicly-available tools like Mimikatz.45
G0107 Whitefly Whitefly has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz.3
G0090 WIRTE WIRTE has obtained and used Empire for post-exploitation activities.49
G0102 Wizard Spider Wizard Spider has obtained and used publicly-available post-exploitation frameworks and tools like Metasploit, Empire, Mimikatz.47


ID Mitigation Description
M1056 Pre-compromise This technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on behaviors performed outside of the scope of enterprise defenses and controls.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0004 Malware Repository Malware Metadata


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