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T1484.002 Domain Trust Modification

Adversaries may add new domain trusts or modify the properties of existing domain trusts to evade defenses and/or elevate privileges. Domain trust details, such as whether or not a domain is federated, allow authentication and authorization properties to apply between domains for the purpose of accessing shared resources.3 These trust objects may include accounts, credentials, and other authentication material applied to servers, tokens, and domains.

Manipulating the domain trusts may allow an adversary to escalate privileges and/or evade defenses by modifying settings to add objects which they control. For example, this may be used to forge SAML Tokens, without the need to compromise the signing certificate to forge new credentials. Instead, an adversary can manipulate domain trusts to add their own signing certificate. An adversary may also convert a domain to a federated domain, which may enable malicious trust modifications such as altering the claim issuance rules to log in any valid set of credentials as a specified user.2

Item Value
ID T1484.002
Sub-techniques T1484.001, T1484.002
Tactics TA0005, TA0004
Platforms Azure AD, Windows
Permissions required Administrator
Version 1.1
Created 28 December 2020
Last Modified 21 October 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0677 AADInternals AADInternals can create a backdoor by converting a domain to a federated domain which will be able to authenticate any user across the tenant. AADInternals can also modify DesktopSSO information.78
C0024 SolarWinds Compromise During the SolarWinds Compromise, APT29 changed domain federation trust settings using Azure AD administrative permissions to configure the domain to accept authorization tokens signed by their own SAML signing certificate.109


ID Mitigation Description
M1026 Privileged Account Management Use the principal of least privilege and protect administrative access to domain trusts.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0026 Active Directory Active Directory Object Creation
DS0017 Command Command Execution