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T1565 Data Manipulation

Adversaries may insert, delete, or manipulate data in order to influence external outcomes or hide activity, thus threatening the integrity of the data. By manipulating data, adversaries may attempt to affect a business process, organizational understanding, or decision making.

The type of modification and the impact it will have depends on the target application and process as well as the goals and objectives of the adversary. For complex systems, an adversary would likely need special expertise and possibly access to specialized software related to the system that would typically be gained through a prolonged information gathering campaign in order to have the desired impact.

Item Value
ID T1565
Sub-techniques T1565.001, T1565.002, T1565.003
Tactics TA0040
Platforms Linux, Windows, macOS
Version 1.1
Created 02 March 2020
Last Modified 19 April 2022


ID Mitigation Description
M1041 Encrypt Sensitive Information Consider encrypting important information to reduce an adversary’s ability to perform tailored data modifications.
M1030 Network Segmentation Identify critical business and system processes that may be targeted by adversaries and work to isolate and secure those systems against unauthorized access and tampering.
M1029 Remote Data Storage Consider implementing IT disaster recovery plans that contain procedures for taking regular data backups that can be used to restore organizational data.1 Ensure backups are stored off system and is protected from common methods adversaries may use to gain access and manipulate backups.
M1022 Restrict File and Directory Permissions Ensure least privilege principles are applied to important information resources to reduce exposure to data manipulation risk.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0022 File File Creation
DS0029 Network Traffic Network Traffic Content
DS0009 Process OS API Execution