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T1071.001 Web Protocols

Adversaries may communicate using application layer protocols associated with web traffic to avoid detection/network filtering by blending in with existing traffic. Commands to the remote system, and often the results of those commands, will be embedded within the protocol traffic between the client and server.

Protocols such as HTTP/S1 and WebSocket3 that carry web traffic may be very common in environments. HTTP/S packets have many fields and headers in which data can be concealed. An adversary may abuse these protocols to communicate with systems under their control within a victim network while also mimicking normal, expected traffic.

Item Value
ID T1071.001
Sub-techniques T1071.001, T1071.002, T1071.003, T1071.004
Tactics TA0011
Platforms Linux, Windows, macOS
Version 1.1
Created 15 March 2020
Last Modified 11 April 2023

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0066 3PARA RAT 3PARA RAT uses HTTP for command and control.1
S0065 4H RAT 4H RAT uses HTTP for command and control.1
S0469 ABK ABK has the ability to use HTTP in communications with C2.105
S1028 Action RAT Action RAT can use HTTP to communicate with C2 servers.60
S0045 ADVSTORESHELL ADVSTORESHELL connects to port 80 of a C2 server using Wininet API. Data is exchanged via HTTP POSTs.293
S0331 Agent Tesla Agent Tesla has used HTTP for C2 communications.191192
S1025 Amadey Amadey has used HTTP for C2 communications.43
S0504 Anchor Anchor has used HTTP and HTTPS in C2 communications.37
S0584 AppleJeus AppleJeus has sent data to its C2 server via POST requests.5859
S0622 AppleSeed AppleSeed has the ability to communicate with C2 over HTTP.171172
G0026 APT18 APT18 uses HTTP for C2 communications.371
G0073 APT19 APT19 used HTTP for C2 communications. APT19 also used an HTTP malware variant to communicate over HTTP for C2.353354
G0007 APT28 Later implants used by APT28, such as CHOPSTICK, use a blend of HTTP, HTTPS, and other legitimate channels for C2, depending on module configuration.133349
G0050 APT32 APT32 has used JavaScript that communicates over HTTP or HTTPS to attacker controlled domains to download additional frameworks. The group has also used downloaded encrypted payloads over HTTP.366169
G0064 APT33 APT33 has used HTTP for command and control.335
G0067 APT37 APT37 uses HTTPS to conceal C2 communications.378
G0082 APT38 APT38 used a backdoor, QUICKRIDE, to communicate to the C2 server over HTTP and HTTPS.326
G0087 APT39 APT39 has used HTTP in communications with C2.344345
G0096 APT41 APT41 used HTTP to download payloads for CVE-2019-19781 and CVE-2020-10189 exploits.367
S0456 Aria-body Aria-body has used HTTP in C2 communications.225
S1029 AuTo Stealer AuTo Stealer can use HTTP to communicate with its C2 servers.60
S0473 Avenger Avenger has the ability to use HTTP in communication with C2.105
S0475 BackConfig BackConfig has the ability to use HTTPS for C2 communiations.137
S0031 BACKSPACE BACKSPACE uses HTTP as a transport to communicate with its command server.27
S0128 BADNEWS BADNEWS establishes a backdoor over HTTP.244
S0337 BadPatch BadPatch uses HTTP for C2.46
S0239 Bankshot Bankshot uses HTTP for command and control communication.57
S0534 Bazar Bazar can use HTTP and HTTPS over ports 80 and 443 in C2 communications.144146145
S0470 BBK BBK has the ability to use HTTP in communications with C2.105
S0127 BBSRAT BBSRAT uses GET and POST requests over HTTP or HTTPS for command and control to obtain commands and send ZLIB compressed data back to the C2 server.217
S0268 Bisonal Bisonal has used HTTP for C2 communications.249250
G1002 BITTER BITTER has used HTTP POST requests for C2.347346
S0089 BlackEnergy BlackEnergy communicates with its C2 server over HTTP.257
S0564 BlackMould BlackMould can send commands to C2 in the body of HTTP POST requests.196
S0520 BLINDINGCAN BLINDINGCAN has used HTTPS over port 443 for command and control.31
S0657 BLUELIGHT BLUELIGHT can use HTTP/S for C2 using the Microsoft Graph API.118
S0635 BoomBox BoomBox has used HTTP POST requests for C2.116
G0060 BRONZE BUTLER BRONZE BUTLER malware has used HTTP for C2.159
S1063 Brute Ratel C4 Brute Ratel C4 can use HTTPS and HTTPS for C2 communication.78
S0043 BUBBLEWRAP BUBBLEWRAP can communicate using HTTP or HTTPS.136
S0482 Bundlore Bundlore uses HTTP requests for C2.30
C0017 C0017 During C0017, APT41 ran wget http://103.224.80[.]44:8080/kernel to download malicious payloads.202
C0018 C0018 During C0018, the threat actors used HTTP for C2 communications.381
C0021 C0021 During C0021, the threat actors used HTTP for some of their C2 communications.380
S0030 Carbanak The Carbanak malware communicates to its command server using HTTP with an encrypted payload.84
S0484 Carberp Carberp has connected to C2 servers via HTTP.230
S0335 Carbon Carbon can use HTTP in C2 communications.291
S0348 Cardinal RAT Cardinal RAT is downloaded using HTTP over port 443.66
S0631 Chaes Chaes has used HTTP for C2 communications.117
S0674 CharmPower CharmPower can use HTTP to communicate with C2.103
S0144 ChChes ChChes communicates to its C2 server over HTTP and embeds data within the Cookie HTTP header.109110
G0114 Chimera Chimera has used HTTPS for C2 communications.336
S0020 China Chopper China Chopper‘s server component executes code sent via HTTP POST commands.296
S0023 CHOPSTICK Various implementations of CHOPSTICK communicate with C2 over HTTP.200
S0660 Clambling Clambling has the ability to communicate over HTTP.45
S0054 CloudDuke One variant of CloudDuke uses HTTP and HTTPS for C2.28
G0080 Cobalt Group Cobalt Group has used HTTPS for C2.85351352
S0154 Cobalt Strike Cobalt Strike can use a custom command and control protocol that can be encapsulated in HTTP or HTTPS. All protocols use their standard assigned ports.127126128125
S0244 Comnie Comnie uses HTTP for C2 communication.215
S0126 ComRAT ComRAT has used HTTP requests for command and control.106107108
G0142 Confucius Confucius has used HTTP for C2 communications.318
S0137 CORESHELL CORESHELL can communicate over HTTP for C2.133132
S0050 CosmicDuke CosmicDuke can use HTTP or HTTPS for command and control to hard-coded C2 servers.28123
S0046 CozyCar CozyCar‘s main method of communicating with its C2 servers is using HTTP or HTTPS.274
S1023 CreepyDrive CreepyDrive can use HTTPS for C2 using the Microsoft Graph API.73
S1024 CreepySnail CreepySnail can use HTTP for C2.73
S0115 Crimson Crimson can use a HTTP GET request to download its final payload.61
S0538 Crutch Crutch has conducted C2 communications with a Dropbox account using the HTTP API.138
S0527 CSPY Downloader CSPY Downloader can use GET requests to download additional payloads from C2.6
S0687 Cyclops Blink Cyclops Blink can download files via HTTP and HTTPS.3233
S0497 Dacls Dacls can use HTTPS in C2 communications.113114
S1014 DanBot DanBot can use HTTP in C2 communication.279
G0070 Dark Caracal Dark Caracal‘s version of Bandook communicates with their server over a TCP port using HTTP payloads Base64 encoded and suffixed with the string “&&&”.310
S0334 DarkComet DarkComet can use HTTP for C2 communications.155
S1066 DarkTortilla DarkTortilla has used HTTP and HTTPS for C2.239
S0673 DarkWatchman DarkWatchman uses HTTPS for command and control.216
S0187 Daserf Daserf uses HTTP for C2.159
S0243 DealersChoice DealersChoice uses HTTP for communication with the C2 server.158
S0616 DEATHRANSOM DEATHRANSOM can use HTTPS to download files.304
S0659 Diavol Diavol has used HTTP GET and POST requests for C2.201
S0200 Dipsind Dipsind uses HTTP for C2.29
S0600 Doki Doki has communicated with C2 over HTTPS.22
S0695 Donut Donut can use HTTP to download previously staged shellcode payloads.9
S0472 down_new down_new has the ability to use HTTP in C2 communications.105
S0186 DownPaper DownPaper communicates to its C2 server over HTTP.151
S0694 DRATzarus DRATzarus can use HTTP or HTTPS for C2 communications.227
S0384 Dridex Dridex has used POST requests and HTTPS for C2 communications.189190
S0502 Drovorub Drovorub can use the WebSocket protocol and has initiated communication with C2 servers with an HTTP Upgrade request.166
S0062 DustySky DustySky has used both HTTP and HTTPS for C2.47
S0024 Dyre Dyre uses HTTPS for C2 communications.242243
S0554 Egregor Egregor has communicated with its C2 servers via HTTPS protocol.100
S0081 Elise Elise communicates over HTTP or HTTPS for C2.301
S0064 ELMER ELMER uses HTTP for command and control.150
S0082 Emissary Emissary uses HTTP or HTTPS for C2.120
S0363 Empire Empire can conduct command and control over protocols like HTTP and HTTPS.13
S0091 Epic Epic uses HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.153154
S0396 EvilBunny EvilBunny has executed C2 commands directly via HTTP.211
S0401 Exaramel for Linux Exaramel for Linux uses HTTPS for C2 communications.7879
S0569 Explosive Explosive has used HTTP for communication.173
S0512 FatDuke FatDuke can be controlled via a custom C2 protocol over HTTP.177
S0171 Felismus Felismus uses HTTP for C2.111
S0267 FELIXROOT FELIXROOT uses HTTP and HTTPS to communicate with the C2 server.308165
G0085 FIN4 FIN4 has used HTTP POST requests to transmit data.361360
G0061 FIN8 FIN8 has used HTTPS for command and control.327
S0355 Final1stspy Final1stspy uses HTTP for C2.252
S0696 Flagpro Flagpro can communicate with its C2 using HTTP.232
S0381 FlawedAmmyy FlawedAmmyy has used HTTP for C2.302
S0661 FoggyWeb FoggyWeb has the ability to communicate with C2 servers over HTTP GET/POST requests.288
C0001 Frankenstein During Frankenstein, the threat actors used HTTP GET requests for C2.386
G0047 Gamaredon Group Gamaredon Group has used HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.188321319322320323
S0168 Gazer Gazer communicates with its C2 servers over HTTP.101
S0666 Gelsemium Gelsemium can use HTTP/S in C2 communications.207
S0049 GeminiDuke GeminiDuke uses HTTP and HTTPS for command and control.28
S0460 Get2 Get2 has the ability to use HTTP to send information collected from an infected host to C2.303
S0249 Gold Dragon Gold Dragon uses HTTP for communication to the control servers.140
S0493 GoldenSpy GoldenSpy has used the Ryeol HTTP Client to facilitate HTTP internet communication.143
S0597 GoldFinder GoldFinder has used HTTP for C2.129
S0588 GoldMax GoldMax has used HTTPS and HTTP GET requests with custom HTTP cookies for C2.129254
S0477 Goopy Goopy has the ability to communicate with its C2 over HTTP.169
S0531 Grandoreiro Grandoreiro has the ability to use HTTP in C2 communications.9798
S0237 GravityRAT GravityRAT uses HTTP for C2.62
S0342 GreyEnergy GreyEnergy uses HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.165
S0632 GrimAgent GrimAgent has the ability to use HTTP for C2 communications.273
S0561 GuLoader GuLoader can use HTTP to retrieve additional binaries.130131
G0125 HAFNIUM HAFNIUM has used open-source C2 frameworks, including Covenant.348
S0037 HAMMERTOSS The “Uploader” variant of HAMMERTOSS visits a hard-coded server over HTTP/S to download the images HAMMERTOSS uses to receive commands.51
S0391 HAWKBALL HAWKBALL has used HTTP to communicate with a single hard-coded C2 server.246
S0170 Helminth Helminth can use HTTP for C2.284
S0087 Hi-Zor Hi-Zor communicates with its C2 server over HTTPS.300
G0126 Higaisa Higaisa used HTTP and HTTPS to send data back to its C2 server.372373
S0009 Hikit Hikit has used HTTP for C2.119
S0070 HTTPBrowser HTTPBrowser has used HTTP and HTTPS for command and control.180253
S0068 httpclient httpclient uses HTTP for command and control.1
S0398 HyperBro HyperBro has used HTTPS for C2 communications.174
S1022 IceApple IceApple can use HTTP GET to request and pull information from C2.70
S0483 IcedID IcedID has used HTTPS in communications with C2.299
G0100 Inception Inception has used HTTP, HTTPS, and WebDav in network communications.338218
S0604 Industroyer Industroyer’s main backdoor connected to a remote C2 server using HTTPS.76
S0260 InvisiMole InvisiMole uses HTTP for C2 communications.91
S0015 Ixeshe Ixeshe uses HTTP for command and control.289290
S0044 JHUHUGIT JHUHUGIT variants have communicated with C2 servers over HTTP and HTTPS.394041
S0265 Kazuar Kazuar uses HTTP and HTTPS to communicate with the C2 server. Kazuar can also act as a webserver and listen for inbound HTTP requests through an exposed API.280
G0004 Ke3chang Ke3chang malware including RoyalCli and BS2005 have communicated over HTTP with the C2 server through Internet Explorer (IE) by using the COM interface IWebBrowser2.324240
S1020 Kevin Variants of Kevin can communicate with C2 over HTTP.77
S0276 Keydnap Keydnap uses HTTPS for command and control.42
S1051 KEYPLUG KEYPLUG has the ability to communicate over HTTP and WebSocket Protocol (WSS) for C2.202
S0526 KGH_SPY KGH_SPY can send data to C2 with HTTP POST requests.6
G0094 Kimsuky Kimsuky has used HTTP GET and POST requests for C2.312
S0599 Kinsing Kinsing has communicated with C2 over HTTP.272
S0250 Koadic Koadic has used HTTP for C2 communications.4
S0162 Komplex The Komplex C2 channel uses HTTP POST requests.56
S0356 KONNI KONNI has used HTTP POST for C2.212213
G0032 Lazarus Group Lazarus Group has conducted C2 over HTTP and HTTPS.317113114316315314
S0513 LiteDuke LiteDuke can use HTTP GET requests in C2 communications.177
S0680 LitePower LitePower can use HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.226
S0447 Lokibot Lokibot has used HTTP for C2 communications.6869
S0582 LookBack LookBack’s C2 proxy tool sends data to a C2 server over HTTP.156
S0042 LOWBALL LOWBALL command and control occurs via HTTPS over port 443.136
G1014 LuminousMoth LuminousMoth has used HTTP for C2.370
S0409 Machete Machete uses HTTP for Command & Control.193194195
S0282 MacSpy MacSpy uses HTTP for command and control.256
S1060 Mafalda Mafalda can use HTTP for C2.71
G0059 Magic Hound Magic Hound has used HTTP for C2.364363362
S0652 MarkiRAT MarkiRAT can initiate communication over HTTP/HTTPS for its C2 server.268
S0449 Maze Maze has communicated to hard-coded IP addresses via HTTP.278
S0500 MCMD MCMD can use HTTPS in communication with C2 web servers.18
S0459 MechaFlounder MechaFlounder has the ability to use HTTP in communication with C2.35
G1013 Metador Metador has used HTTP for C2.71
S1059 metaMain metaMain can use HTTP for C2 communications.7172
S0455 Metamorfo Metamorfo has used HTTP for C2.247248
S0339 Micropsia Micropsia uses HTTP and HTTPS for C2 network communications.6364
S1015 Milan Milan can use HTTPS for communication with C2.12277121
S0051 MiniDuke MiniDuke uses HTTP and HTTPS for command and control.28177
S0084 Mis-Type Mis-Type network traffic can communicate over HTTP.147
S1026 Mongall Mongall can use HTTP for C2 communication.102
S0284 More_eggs More_eggs uses HTTPS for C2.8586
S1047 Mori Mori can communicate using HTTP over IPv4 or IPv6 depending on a flag set.65
G0069 MuddyWater MuddyWater has used HTTP for C2 communications.33412
G0129 Mustang Panda Mustang Panda has communicated with its C2 via HTTP POST requests.328329330331
S0699 Mythic Mythic supports HTTP-based C2 profiles.5
S0691 Neoichor Neoichor can use HTTP for C2 communications.240
S0034 NETEAGLE NETEAGLE will attempt to detect if the infected host is configured to a proxy. If so, NETEAGLE will send beacons via an HTTP POST request. NETEAGLE will also use HTTP to download resources that contain an IP address and Port Number pair to connect to for further C2.27
S0198 NETWIRE NETWIRE has the ability to communicate over HTTP.297298
C0002 Night Dragon During Night Dragon, threat actors used HTTP for C2.382
S0385 njRAT njRAT has used HTTP for C2 communications.134
S0353 NOKKI NOKKI has used HTTP for C2 communications.245
S0340 Octopus Octopus has used HTTP GET and POST requests for C2 communications.262261
G0049 OilRig OilRig has used HTTP for C2.369276368
S0439 Okrum Okrum uses HTTP for communication with its C2.307
S0138 OLDBAIT OLDBAIT can use HTTP for C2.133
S0052 OnionDuke OnionDuke uses HTTP and HTTPS for C2.28
S0264 OopsIE OopsIE uses HTTP for C2 communications.160161
C0012 Operation CuckooBees During Operation CuckooBees, the threat actors enabled HTTP and HTTPS listeners.383
C0022 Operation Dream Job During Operation Dream Job, Lazarus Group uses HTTP and HTTPS to contact actor-controlled C2 servers.385
C0014 Operation Wocao During Operation Wocao, threat actors’ XServer tool communicated using HTTP and HTTPS.379
G0071 Orangeworm Orangeworm has used HTTP for C2.357
S0352 OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D can use HTTP POST and GET requests to send and receive C2 information.170
S0594 Out1 Out1 can use HTTP and HTTPS in communications with remote hosts.12
S1017 OutSteel OutSteel has used HTTP for C2 communications.24
S0072 OwaAuth OwaAuth uses incoming HTTP requests with a username keyword and commands and handles them as instructions to perform actions.180
S0598 P.A.S. Webshell P.A.S. Webshell can issue commands via HTTP POST.79
S0664 Pandora Pandora can communicate over HTTP.20
S1050 PcShare PcShare has used HTTP for C2 communication.14
S0643 Peppy Peppy can use HTTP to communicate with C2.61
S0048 PinchDuke PinchDuke transfers files from the compromised host via HTTP or HTTPS to a C2 server.28
S1031 PingPull A PingPull variant can communicate with its C2 servers by using HTTPS.277
S0435 PLEAD PLEAD has used HTTP for communications with command and control (C2) servers.141142
S0013 PlugX PlugX can be configured to use HTTP for command and control.180237
S0067 pngdowner pngdowner uses HTTP for command and control.1
S0428 PoetRAT PoetRAT has used HTTP and HTTPs for C2 communications.238
S0518 PolyglotDuke PolyglotDuke has has used HTTP GET requests in C2 communications.177
S0453 Pony Pony has sent collected information to the C2 via HTTP POST request.124
S0378 PoshC2 PoshC2 can use protocols like HTTP/HTTPS for command and control traffic.11
S0441 PowerShower PowerShower has sent HTTP GET and POST requests to C2 servers to send information and receive instructions.218
S0371 POWERTON POWERTON has used HTTP/HTTPS for C2 traffic.67
S1046 PowGoop PowGoop can send HTTP GET requests to malicious servers.99
S0184 POWRUNER POWRUNER can use HTTP for C2 communications.275276
S0238 Proxysvc Proxysvc uses HTTP over SSL to communicate commands with the control server.157
S0078 Psylo Psylo uses HTTPS for C2.115
S0147 Pteranodon Pteranodon can use HTTP for C2.188
S0196 PUNCHBUGGY PUNCHBUGGY enables remote interaction and can obtain additional code over HTTPS GET and POST requests.208209210
S0192 Pupy Pupy can communicate over HTTP for C2.10
S0650 QakBot QakBot has the ability to use HTTP and HTTPS in communication with C2 servers.525354
S0269 QUADAGENT QUADAGENT uses HTTPS and HTTP for C2 communications.152
S0686 QuietSieve QuietSieve can use HTTPS in C2 communications.187
S0629 RainyDay RainyDay can use HTTP in C2 communications.81
S0458 Ramsay Ramsay has used HTTP for C2.199
G0075 Rancor Rancor has used HTTP for C2.337
S0241 RATANKBA RATANKBA uses HTTP/HTTPS for command and control communication.178179
S0662 RCSession RCSession can use HTTP in C2 communications.4544
S0495 RDAT RDAT can use HTTP communications for C2, as well as using the WinHTTP library to make requests to the Exchange Web Services API.80
S0172 Reaver Some Reaver variants use HTTP for C2.34
S0153 RedLeaves RedLeaves can communicate to its C2 over HTTP and HTTPS if directed.21236
S0019 Regin The Regin malware platform supports many standard protocols, including HTTP and HTTPS.205
S0375 Remexi Remexi uses BITSAdmin to communicate with the C2 server over HTTP.38
S0125 Remsec Remsec is capable of using HTTP and HTTPS for C2.258259260
S0496 REvil REvil has used HTTP and HTTPS in communication with C2.182183184185186
S0258 RGDoor RGDoor uses HTTP for C2 communications.104
S0003 RIPTIDE APT12 has used RIPTIDE, a RAT that uses HTTP to communicate.229
S0448 Rising Sun Rising Sun has used HTTP and HTTPS for command and control.294
G0106 Rocke Rocke has executed wget and curl commands to Pastebin over the HTTPS protocol.359
S0240 ROKRAT ROKRAT can use HTTP and HTTPS for command and control communication.269270271
S0148 RTM RTM has initiated connections to external domains using HTTPS.306
S0085 S-Type S-Type uses HTTP for C2.147
S1018 Saint Bot Saint Bot has used HTTP for C2 communications.167
S0074 Sakula Sakula uses HTTP for C2.25
G0034 Sandworm Team Sandworm Team‘s BCS-server tool connects to the designated C2 server via HTTP.355
S0053 SeaDuke SeaDuke uses HTTP and HTTPS for C2.28
S0345 Seasalt Seasalt uses HTTP for C2 communications.23
S0382 ServHelper ServHelper uses HTTP for C2.204
S0596 ShadowPad ShadowPad communicates over HTTP to retrieve a string that is decoded into a C2 server URL.295
S0140 Shamoon Shamoon has used HTTP for C2.285
S1019 Shark Shark has the ability to use HTTP in C2 communications.122121
S0444 ShimRat ShimRat communicated over HTTP and HTTPS with C2 servers.19
S0445 ShimRatReporter ShimRatReporter communicated over HTTP with preconfigured C2 servers.19
S0589 Sibot Sibot communicated with its C2 server via HTTP GET requests.129
S0610 SideTwist SideTwist has used HTTP GET and POST requests over port 443 for C2.251
G0121 Sidewinder Sidewinder has used HTTP in C2 communications.339340341
G0083 SilverTerrier SilverTerrier uses HTTP for C2 communications.358
S0633 Sliver Sliver has the ability to support C2 communications over HTTP/S.151617
S0533 SLOTHFULMEDIA SLOTHFULMEDIA has used HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.162
S1035 Small Sieve Small Sieve can contact actor-controlled C2 servers by using the Telegram API over HTTPS.65
S0226 Smoke Loader Smoke Loader uses HTTP for C2.55
S0649 SMOKEDHAM SMOKEDHAM has communicated with its C2 servers via HTTPS and HTTP POST requests.168
S0159 SNUGRIDE SNUGRIDE communicates with its C2 server over HTTP.21
C0024 SolarWinds Compromise During the SolarWinds Compromise, APT29 used HTTP for C2 and data exfiltration.384
S0516 SoreFang SoreFang can use HTTP in C2 communications.25590
S0543 Spark Spark has used HTTP POST requests to communicate with its C2 server to receive commands.286
S0374 SpeakUp SpeakUp uses POST and GET requests over HTTP to communicate with its main C&C server. 95
S1030 Squirrelwaffle Squirrelwaffle has used HTTP POST requests for C2 communications.206
S1037 STARWHALE STARWHALE has the ability to contact actor-controlled C2 servers via HTTP.28365
G0038 Stealth Falcon Stealth Falcon malware communicates with its C2 server via HTTPS.325
S0491 StrongPity StrongPity can use HTTP and HTTPS in C2 communications.234235
S0603 Stuxnet Stuxnet uses HTTP to communicate with a command and control server. 198
S1042 SUGARDUMP A SUGARDUMP variant has used HTTP for C2.267
S0559 SUNBURST SUNBURST communicated via HTTP GET or HTTP POST requests to third party servers for C2.149
S0578 SUPERNOVA SUPERNOVA had to receive an HTTP GET request containing a specific set of parameters in order to execute.4849
S1064 SVCReady SVCReady can communicate with its C2 servers via HTTP.96
S0060 Sys10 Sys10 uses HTTP for C2.181
G0092 TA505 TA505 has used HTTP to communicate with C2 nodes.350
G0127 TA551 TA551 has used HTTP for C2 communications.164
S0011 Taidoor Taidoor has used HTTP GET and POST requests for C2.203
G0139 TeamTNT TeamTNT has the curl command to send credentials over HTTP and the curl and wget commands to download new software.377374375 TeamTNT has also used a custom user agent HTTP header in shell scripts.376
S0595 ThiefQuest ThiefQuest uploads files via unencrypted HTTP. 9394
G0027 Threat Group-3390 Threat Group-3390 malware has used HTTP for C2.365
S0668 TinyTurla TinyTurla can use HTTPS in C2 communications.231
S0671 Tomiris Tomiris can use HTTP to establish C2 communications.92
S0678 Torisma Torisma can use HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.112
S0682 TrailBlazer TrailBlazer has used HTTP requests for C2.263
S0266 TrickBot TrickBot uses HTTPS to communicate with its C2 servers, to get malware updates, modules that perform most of the malware logic and various configuration files.3637
S0094 Trojan.Karagany Trojan.Karagany can communicate with C2 via HTTP POST requests.135
G0081 Tropic Trooper Tropic Trooper has used HTTP in communication with the C2.332333
S0436 TSCookie TSCookie can multiple protocols including HTTP and HTTPS in communication with command and control (C2) servers.7475
S0647 Turian Turian has the ability to use HTTP for its C2.228
G0010 Turla Turla has used HTTP and HTTPS for C2 communications.342343
S0333 UBoatRAT UBoatRAT has used HTTP for C2 communications.309
S0275 UPPERCUT UPPERCUT has used HTTP for C2, including sending error codes in Cookie headers.139
S0386 Ursnif Ursnif has used HTTPS for C2.264265266
S0476 Valak Valak has used HTTP in communications with C2.163164
S0636 VaporRage VaporRage can use HTTP to download shellcode from compromised websites.116
S0207 Vasport Vasport creates a backdoor by making a connection using a HTTP POST.241
S0442 VBShower VBShower has attempted to obtain a VBS script from command and control (C2) nodes over HTTP.292
S0257 VERMIN VERMIN uses HTTP for C2 communications.233
S0514 WellMess WellMess can use HTTP and HTTPS in C2 communications.87888990
S0689 WhisperGate WhisperGate can make an HTTPS connection to download additional files.175176
G0112 Windshift Windshift has used tools that communicate with C2 over HTTP.311
S0466 WindTail WindTail has the ability to use HTTP for C2 communications.281
S0059 WinMM WinMM uses HTTP for C2.181
S0430 Winnti for Linux Winnti for Linux has used HTTP in outbound communications.148
S0141 Winnti for Windows Winnti for Windows has the ability to use encapsulated HTTP/S in C2 communications.26
G0090 WIRTE WIRTE has used HTTP for network communication.313
G0102 Wizard Spider Wizard Spider has used HTTP for network communications.356
S1065 Woody RAT Woody RAT can communicate with its C2 server using HTTP requests.197
S0341 Xbash Xbash uses HTTP for C2 communications.214
S0653 xCaon xCaon has communicated with the C2 server by sending POST requests over HTTP.282
S0388 YAHOYAH YAHOYAH uses HTTP for C2.305
S0251 Zebrocy Zebrocy uses HTTP for C2.219220221222223224
S0230 ZeroT ZeroT has used HTTP for C2.8283
S0330 Zeus Panda Zeus Panda uses HTTP for C2 communications.287
S0086 ZLib ZLib communicates over HTTP for C2.147
S0412 ZxShell ZxShell has used HTTP for C2 connections.50


ID Mitigation Description
M1031 Network Intrusion Prevention Network intrusion detection and prevention systems that use network signatures to identify traffic for specific adversary malware can be used to mitigate activity at the network level.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0029 Network Traffic Network Traffic Content


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