T1055.003 Thread Execution Hijacking
Adversaries may inject malicious code into hijacked processes in order to evade process-based defenses as well as possibly elevate privileges. Thread Execution Hijacking is a method of executing arbitrary code in the address space of a separate live process.
Thread Execution Hijacking is commonly performed by suspending an existing process then unmapping/hollowing its memory, which can then be replaced with malicious code or the path to a DLL. A handle to an existing victim process is first created with native Windows API calls such as
OpenThread. At this point the process can be suspended then written to, realigned to the injected code, and resumed via
This is very similar to Process Hollowing but targets an existing process rather than creating a process in a suspended state.
Running code in the context of another process may allow access to the process’s memory, system/network resources, and possibly elevated privileges. Execution via Thread Execution Hijacking may also evade detection from security products since the execution is masked under a legitimate process.
|Sub-techniques||T1055.001, T1055.002, T1055.003, T1055.004, T1055.005, T1055.008, T1055.009, T1055.011, T1055.012, T1055.013, T1055.014, T1055.015|
|Created||14 January 2020|
|Last Modified||18 October 2021|
|S0168||Gazer||Gazer performs thread execution hijacking to inject its orchestrator into a running thread from a remote process.34|
|S0094||Trojan.Karagany||Trojan.Karagany can inject a suspended thread of its own process into a new process and initiate via the
|S0579||Waterbear||Waterbear can use thread injection to inject shellcode into the process of security software.5|
|M1040||Behavior Prevention on Endpoint||Some endpoint security solutions can be configured to block some types of process injection based on common sequences of behavior that occur during the injection process.|
|ID||Data Source||Data Component|
|DS0009||Process||OS API Execution|
Hosseini, A. (2017, July 18). Ten Process Injection Techniques: A Technical Survey Of Common And Trending Process Injection Techniques. Retrieved December 7, 2017. ↩
Secureworks. (2019, July 24). Updated Karagany Malware Targets Energy Sector. Retrieved August 12, 2020. ↩
ESET. (2017, August). Gazing at Gazer: Turla’s new second stage backdoor. Retrieved September 14, 2017. ↩
Kaspersky Lab’s Global Research & Analysis Team. (2017, August 30). Introducing WhiteBear. Retrieved September 21, 2017. ↩
Su, V. et al. (2019, December 11). Waterbear Returns, Uses API Hooking to Evade Security. Retrieved February 22, 2021. ↩