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T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

Adversaries may look for details about the network configuration and settings, such as IP and/or MAC addresses, of systems they access or through information discovery of remote systems. Several operating system administration utilities exist that can be used to gather this information. Examples include Arp, ipconfig/ifconfig, nbtstat, and route.

Adversaries may also leverage a Network Device CLI on network devices to gather information about configurations and settings, such as IP addresses of configured interfaces and static/dynamic routes (e.g. show ip route, show ip interface).21

Adversaries may use the information from System Network Configuration Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including determining certain access within the target network and what actions to do next.

Item Value
ID T1016
Sub-techniques T1016.001
Tactics TA0007
Platforms Linux, Network, Windows, macOS
Version 1.5
Created 31 May 2017
Last Modified 30 March 2023

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S1028 Action RAT Action RAT has the ability to collect the MAC address of an infected host.146
S0552 AdFind AdFind can extract subnet information from Active Directory.8109
G0018 admin@338 admin@338 actors used the following command after exploiting a machine with LOWBALL malware to acquire information about local networks: ipconfig /all >> %temp%\download238
S0331 Agent Tesla Agent Tesla can collect the IP address of the victim machine and spawn instances of netsh.exe to enumerate wireless settings.8485
S0092 Agent.btz Agent.btz collects the network adapter’s IP and MAC address as well as IP addresses of the network adapter’s default gateway, primary/secondary WINS, DHCP, and DNS servers, and saves them into a log file.124
S1025 Amadey Amadey can identify the IP address of a victim machine.114
S0504 Anchor Anchor can determine the public IP and location of a compromised host.40
S0622 AppleSeed AppleSeed can identify the IP of a targeted system.122
G0006 APT1 APT1 used the ipconfig /all command to gather network configuration information.240
G0073 APT19 APT19 used an HTTP malware variant and a Port 22 malware variant to collect the MAC address and IP address from the victim’s machine.243
G0022 APT3 A keylogging tool used by APT3 gathers network information from the victim, including the MAC address, IP address, WINS, DHCP server, and gateway.188252
G0050 APT32 APT32 used the ipconfig /all command to gather the IP address from the system.120
G0096 APT41 APT41 collected MAC addresses from victim machines.222223
S0456 Aria-body Aria-body has the ability to identify the location, public IP address, and domain name on a compromised host.167
S0099 Arp Arp can be used to display ARP configuration information on the host.6
S0373 Astaroth Astaroth collects the external IP address from the system. 72
S0640 Avaddon Avaddon can collect the external IP address of the victim.25
S0473 Avenger Avenger can identify the domain of the compromised host.48
S0344 Azorult Azorult can collect host IP information from the victim’s machine.103
S0414 BabyShark BabyShark has executed the ipconfig /all command.87
S0093 Backdoor.Oldrea Backdoor.Oldrea collects information about the Internet adapter configuration.6869
S0245 BADCALL BADCALL collects the network adapter information.89
S0642 BADFLICK BADFLICK has captured victim IP address details.196
S0234 Bandook Bandook has a command to get the public IP address from a system.82
S0534 Bazar Bazar can collect the IP address and NetBIOS name of an infected machine.33
S0268 Bisonal Bisonal can execute ipconfig on the victim’s machine.100101102
S0089 BlackEnergy BlackEnergy has gathered information about network IP configurations using ipconfig.exe and about routing tables using route.exe.203204
S0520 BLINDINGCAN BLINDINGCAN has collected the victim machine’s local IP address information and MAC address.54
S0657 BLUELIGHT BLUELIGHT can collect IP information from the victim’s machine.74
S0486 Bonadan Bonadan can find the external IP address of the infected host.36
S0651 BoxCaon BoxCaon can collect the victim’s MAC address by using the GetAdaptersInfo API.111
S0252 Brave Prince Brave Prince gathers network configuration information as well as the ARP cache.142
C0015 C0015 During C0015, the threat actors used code to obtain the external public-facing IPv4 address of the compromised host.256
C0017 C0017 During C0017, APT41 used cmd.exe /c ping %userdomain% for discovery.38
C0018 C0018 During C0018, the threat actors ran nslookup and Advanced IP Scanner on the target network.255
S0274 Calisto Calisto runs the ifconfig command to obtain the IP address from the victim’s machine.192
S0335 Carbon Carbon can collect the IP address of the victims and other computers on the network using the commands: ipconfig -all nbtstat -n, and nbtstat -s.7778
S0261 Catchamas Catchamas gathers the Mac address, IP address, and the network adapter information from the victim’s machine.92
S0572 Caterpillar WebShell Caterpillar WebShell can gather the IP address from the victim’s machine using the IP config command.190
S0674 CharmPower CharmPower has the ability to use ipconfig to enumerate system network settings.29
G0114 Chimera Chimera has used ipconfig, Ping, and tracert to enumerate the IP address and network environment and settings of the local host.249
S0667 Chrommme Chrommme can enumerate the IP address of a compromised host.194
S0660 Clambling Clambling can enumerate the IP address of a compromised machine.2324
S0154 Cobalt Strike Cobalt Strike can determine the NetBios name and the IP addresses of targets machines including domain controllers.182210
S0244 Comnie Comnie uses ipconfig /all and route PRINT to identify network adapter and interface information.53
S0575 Conti Conti can retrieve the ARP cache from the local system by using the GetIpNetTable() API call and check to ensure IP addresses it connects to are for local, non-Internet, systems.157
S0488 CrackMapExec CrackMapExec can collect DNS information from the targeted system.13
S1024 CreepySnail CreepySnail can use getmac and Get-NetIPAddress to enumerate network settings.153
S0115 Crimson Crimson contains a command to collect the victim MAC address and LAN IP.109110
S0625 Cuba Cuba can retrieve the ARP cache from the local system by using GetIpNetTable.183
S0687 Cyclops Blink Cyclops Blink can use the Linux API if_nameindex to gather network interface names.134135
G0012 Darkhotel Darkhotel has collected the IP address and network adapter information from the victim’s machine.235236
S1052 DEADEYE DEADEYE can discover the DNS domain name of a targeted system.38
S0354 Denis Denis uses ipconfig to gather the IP address from the system.120
S0659 Diavol Diavol can enumerate victims’ local and external IPs when registering with C2.144
S0472 down_new down_new has the ability to identify the MAC address of a compromised host.48
G0035 Dragonfly Dragonfly has used batch scripts to enumerate network information, including information about trusts, zones, and the domain.247
S0567 Dtrack Dtrack can collect the host’s IP addresses using the ipconfig command.169170
S0038 Duqu The reconnaissance modules used with Duqu can collect information on network configuration.166
S0024 Dyre Dyre has the ability to identify network settings on a compromised host.213
G1006 Earth Lusca Earth Lusca used the command ipconfig to obtain information about network configurations.221
S0605 EKANS EKANS can determine the domain of a compromised host.119
S0081 Elise Elise executes ipconfig /all after initial communication is made to the remote server.5152
S0082 Emissary Emissary has the capability to execute the command ipconfig /all.178
S0363 Empire Empire can acquire network configuration information like DNS servers, public IP, and network proxies used by a host.1716
S0091 Epic Epic uses the nbtstat -n and nbtstat -s commands on the victim’s machine.41
S0569 Explosive Explosive has collected the MAC address from the victim’s machine.137
S0181 FALLCHILL FALLCHILL collects MAC address and local IP address information from the victim.128
S0512 FatDuke FatDuke can identify the MAC address on the target computer.117
S0171 Felismus Felismus collects the victim LAN IP address and sends it to the C2 server.97
S0267 FELIXROOT FELIXROOT collects information about the network including the IP address and DHCP server.63
S0696 Flagpro Flagpro has been used to execute the ipconfig /all command on a victim system.211
C0001 Frankenstein During Frankenstein, the threat actors used Empire to find the public IP address of a compromised system.16
S1044 FunnyDream FunnyDream can parse the ProxyServer string in the Registry to discover http proxies.5
C0007 FunnyDream During FunnyDream, the threat actors used ipconfig for discovery on remote systems.5
G0093 GALLIUM GALLIUM used ipconfig /all to obtain information about the victim network configuration. The group also ran a modified version of NBTscan to identify available NetBIOS name servers.225
S0049 GeminiDuke GeminiDuke collects information on network settings and Internet proxy settings from the victim.75
S0588 GoldMax GoldMax retrieved a list of the system’s network interface after execution.90
S0531 Grandoreiro Grandoreiro can determine the IP and physical location of the compromised host via IPinfo.193
S0237 GravityRAT GravityRAT collects the victim IP address, MAC address, as well as the victim account domain name.121
S0690 Green Lambert Green Lambert can obtain proxy information from a victim’s machine using system environment variables.150151
S0632 GrimAgent GrimAgent can enumerate the IP and domain of a target system.107
G0125 HAFNIUM HAFNIUM has collected IP information via IPInfo.237
G1001 HEXANE HEXANE has used Ping and tracert for network discovery.73
G0126 Higaisa Higaisa used ipconfig to gather network configuration information.241242
S0431 HotCroissant HotCroissant has the ability to identify the IP address of the compromised machine.91
S0203 Hydraq Hydraq creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve IP addresses of compromised machines.163164
S1022 IceApple The IceApple ifconfig module can iterate over all network interfaces on the host and retrieve the name, description, MAC address, DNS suffix, DNS servers, gateways, IPv4 addresses, and subnet masks.30
S0101 ifconfig ifconfig can be used to display adapter configuration on Unix systems, including information for TCP/IP, DNS, and DHCP.
S0278 iKitten iKitten will look for the current IP address.212
S0604 Industroyer Industroyer’s 61850 payload component enumerates connected network adapters and their corresponding IP addresses.79
S0260 InvisiMole InvisiMole gathers information on the IP forwarding table, MAC address, configured proxy, and network SSID.186187
S0100 ipconfig ipconfig can be used to display adapter configuration on Windows systems, including information for TCP/IP, DNS, and DHCP.
S0015 Ixeshe Ixeshe enumerates the IP address, network proxy settings, and domain name from a victim’s system.133
S0044 JHUHUGIT A JHUHUGIT variant gathers network interface card information.45
S0201 JPIN JPIN can obtain network information, including DNS, IP, and proxies.173
S0283 jRAT jRAT can gather victim internal and external IPs.145
S0265 Kazuar Kazuar gathers information about network adapters.148
G0004 Ke3chang Ke3chang has performed local network configuration discovery using ipconfig.226227138
S0487 Kessel Kessel has collected the DNS address of the infected host.36
S1020 Kevin Kevin can collect the MAC address and other information from a victim machine using ipconfig/all.73
S0387 KeyBoy KeyBoy can determine the public or WAN IP address for the system.112
S0271 KEYMARBLE KEYMARBLE gathers the MAC address of the victim’s machine.98
G0094 Kimsuky Kimsuky has used ipconfig/all to gather network configuration information.224
S0250 Koadic Koadic can retrieve the contents of the IP routing table as well as information about the Windows domain.1918
S0641 Kobalos Kobalos can record the IP address of the target machine.207
S0356 KONNI KONNI can collect the IP address from the victim’s machine.209
S0236 Kwampirs Kwampirs collects network adapter and interface information by using the commands ipconfig /all, arp -a and route print. It also collects the system’s MAC address with getmac and domain configuration with net config workstation.96
G0032 Lazarus Group Lazarus Group malware IndiaIndia obtains and sends to its C2 server information about the first network interface card’s configuration, including IP address, gateways, subnet mask, DHCP information, and whether WINS is available.233232
S0395 LightNeuron LightNeuron gathers information about network adapters using the Win32 API call GetAdaptersInfo.58
S0513 LiteDuke LiteDuke has the ability to discover the proxy configuration of Firefox and/or Opera.117
S0681 Lizar Lizar can retrieve network information from a compromised host.125
S0447 Lokibot Lokibot has the ability to discover the domain name of the infected host.130
S0451 LoudMiner LoudMiner used a script to gather the IP address of the infected machine before sending to the C2.171
S0532 Lucifer Lucifer can collect the IP address of a compromised host.147
S0409 Machete Machete collects the MAC address of the target computer and other network configuration information.105106
S1016 MacMa MacMa can collect IP addresses from a compromised host.176
S1060 Mafalda Mafalda can use the GetAdaptersInfo function to retrieve information about network adapters and the GetIpNetTable function to retrieve the IPv4 to physical network address mapping table.214
G0059 Magic Hound Magic Hound malware gathers the victim’s local IP address, MAC address, and external IP address.246245244
G0045 menuPass menuPass has used several tools to scan for open NetBIOS nameservers and enumerate NetBIOS sessions.165
S1015 Milan Milan can run C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe /c cmd /c ipconfig /all 2>&1 to discover network settings.28
S0084 Mis-Type Mis-Type may create a file containing the results of the command cmd.exe /c ipconfig /all.35
S0149 MoonWind MoonWind obtains the victim IP address.195
S0284 More_eggs More_eggs has the capability to gather the IP address from the victim’s machine.88
G1009 Moses Staff Moses Staff has collected the domain name of a compromised network.253
S0256 Mosquito Mosquito uses the ipconfig command.31
G0069 MuddyWater MuddyWater has used malware to collect the victim’s IP address and domain name.250
G0129 Mustang Panda Mustang Panda has used ipconfig and arp to determine network configuration information.220
S0205 Naid Naid collects the domain name from a compromised host.206
G0019 Naikon Naikon uses commands such as netsh interface show to discover network interface settings.131
S0228 NanHaiShu NanHaiShu can gather information about the victim proxy server.57
S0336 NanoCore NanoCore gathers the IP address from the victim’s machine.136
S0590 NBTscan NBTscan can be used to collect MAC addresses.1112
S0102 nbtstat nbtstat can be used to discover local NetBIOS domain names.
S0691 Neoichor Neoichor can gather the IP address from an infected host.138
S0198 NETWIRE NETWIRE can collect the IP address of a compromised host.5556
S0359 Nltest Nltest may be used to enumerate the parent domain of a local machine using /parentdomain.14
S0353 NOKKI NOKKI can gather information on the victim IP address.172
S0346 OceanSalt OceanSalt can collect the victim’s IP address.99
S0340 Octopus Octopus can collect the host IP address from the victim’s machine.191
G0049 OilRig OilRig has run ipconfig /all on a victim.228229
S0439 Okrum Okrum can collect network information, including the host IP address, DNS, and proxy information.26
S0365 Olympic Destroyer Olympic Destroyer uses API calls to enumerate the infected system’s ARP table.94
C0012 Operation CuckooBees During Operation CuckooBees, the threat actors used ipconfig, nbtstat, tracert, route print, and cat /etc/hosts commands.254
C0014 Operation Wocao During Operation Wocao, threat actors discovered the local network configuration with ipconfig.257
S0229 Orz Orz can gather victim proxy information.57
S0165 OSInfo OSInfo discovers the current domain information.188
S0352 OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D can collect the network interface MAC address on the infected host.6667
S0556 Pay2Key Pay2Key can identify the IP and MAC addresses of the compromised host.76
S1050 PcShare PcShare can obtain the proxy settings of a compromised machine using InternetQueryOptionA and its IP address by running nslookup\r\n.5
S0587 Penquin Penquin can report the IP of the compromised host to attacker controlled infrastructure.27
S1031 PingPull PingPull can retrieve the IP address of a compromised host.216
S0501 PipeMon PipeMon can collect and send the local IP address, RDP information, and the network adapter physical address as a part of its C2 beacon.149
S0124 Pisloader Pisloader has a command to collect the victim’s IP address.162
S0254 PLAINTEE PLAINTEE uses the ipconfig /all command to gather the victim’s IP address.83
S0378 PoshC2 PoshC2 can enumerate network adapter information.20
S0139 PowerDuke PowerDuke has a command to get the victim’s domain and NetBIOS name.197
S0441 PowerShower PowerShower has the ability to identify the current Windows domain of the infected host.93
S0223 POWERSTATS POWERSTATS can retrieve IP, network adapter configuration information, and domain from compromised hosts.168115
S0184 POWRUNER POWRUNER may collect network configuration data by running ipconfig /all on a victim.156
S0113 Prikormka A module in Prikormka collects information from the victim about its IP addresses and MAC addresses.80
S0238 Proxysvc Proxysvc collects the network adapter information and domain/username information based on current remote sessions.140
S0192 Pupy Pupy has built in commands to identify a host’s IP address and find out other network configuration settings by viewing connected sessions.4
S0583 Pysa Pysa can perform network reconnaissance using the Advanced IP Scanner tool.141
S0650 QakBot QakBot can use net config workstation, arp -a, nslookup, and ipconfig /all to gather network configuration information.59626061
S0269 QUADAGENT QUADAGENT gathers the current domain the victim system belongs to.215
S0262 QuasarRAT QuasarRAT has the ability to enumerate the Wide Area Network (WAN) IP through requests to ip-api[.]com, freegeoip[.]net, or api[.]ipify[.]org observed with user-agent string Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; rv:48.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/48.0.3
S0458 Ramsay Ramsay can use ipconfig and Arp to collect network configuration information, including routing information and ARP tables.21
S0241 RATANKBA RATANKBA gathers the victim’s IP address via the ipconfig -all command.201202
S0172 Reaver Reaver collects the victim’s IP address.43
S0153 RedLeaves RedLeaves can obtain information about network parameters.165
S0125 Remsec Remsec can obtain information about network configuration, including the routing table, ARP cache, and DNS cache.32
S0379 Revenge RAT Revenge RAT collects the IP address and MAC address from the system.71
S0433 Rifdoor Rifdoor has the ability to identify the IP address of the compromised host.116
S0448 Rising Sun Rising Sun can detect network adapter and IP address information.70
S0270 RogueRobin RogueRobin gathers the IP address and domain from the victim’s machine.179
S0103 route route can be used to discover routing configuration information.
S1073 Royal Royal can enumerate IP addresses using GetIpAddrTable.86
S0446 Ryuk Ryuk has called GetIpNetTable in attempt to identify all mounted drives and hosts that have Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) entries.198199
S0085 S-Type S-Type has used ipconfig /all on a compromised host.35
S1018 Saint Bot Saint Bot can collect the IP address of a victim machine.189
S0461 SDBbot SDBbot has the ability to determine the domain name and whether a proxy is configured on a compromised host.44
S0596 ShadowPad ShadowPad has collected the domain name of the victim system.175
S0140 Shamoon Shamoon obtains the target’s IP address and local network segment.4950
S0450 SHARPSTATS SHARPSTATS has the ability to identify the domain of the compromised host.115
S0445 ShimRatReporter ShimRatReporter gathered the local proxy, domain, IP, routing tables, mac address, gateway, DNS servers, and DHCP status information from an infected host.7
S0589 Sibot Sibot checked if the compromised system is configured to use proxies.90
G1008 SideCopy SideCopy has identified the IP address of a compromised host.146
S0610 SideTwist SideTwist has the ability to collect the domain name on a compromised host.104
G0121 Sidewinder Sidewinder has used malware to collect information on network interfaces, including the MAC address.239
S0633 Sliver Sliver has the ability to gather network configuration information.15
S1035 Small Sieve Small Sieve can obtain the IP address of a victim host.37
S0516 SoreFang SoreFang can collect the TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, and network adapter configuration on a compromised host via ipconfig.exe /all.47
S0374 SpeakUp SpeakUp uses the ifconfig -a command. 64
S0646 SpicyOmelette SpicyOmelette can identify the IP of a compromised system.127
S1030 Squirrelwaffle Squirrelwaffle has collected the victim’s external IP address.152
S1037 STARWHALE STARWHALE has the ability to collect the IP address of an infected host.177
G0038 Stealth Falcon Stealth Falcon malware gathers the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) table from the victim.230
S0491 StrongPity StrongPity can identify the IP address of a compromised host.65
S0603 Stuxnet Stuxnet collects the IP address of a compromised system.139
S0559 SUNBURST SUNBURST collected all network interface MAC addresses that are up and not loopback devices, as well as IP address, DHCP configuration, and domain information.200
S0018 Sykipot Sykipot may use ipconfig /all to gather system network configuration details.208
S0060 Sys10 Sys10 collects the local IP address of the victim and sends it to the C2.131
S0663 SysUpdate SysUpdate can collected the IP address and domain name of a compromised host.174
S0098 T9000 T9000 gathers and beacons the MAC and IP addresses during installation.126
S0011 Taidoor Taidoor has collected the MAC address of a compromised host; it can also use GetAdaptersInfo to identify network adapters.158159
S0467 TajMahal TajMahal has the ability to identify the MAC address on an infected host.22
G0139 TeamTNT TeamTNT has enumerated the host machine’s IP address.248
G0027 Threat Group-3390 Threat Group-3390 actors use NBTscan to discover vulnerable systems.234
S0678 Torisma Torisma can collect the local MAC address using GetAdaptersInfo as well as the system’s IP address.39
S0266 TrickBot TrickBot obtains the IP address, location, and other relevant network information from the victim’s machine.180181182
S0094 Trojan.Karagany Trojan.Karagany can gather information on the network configuration of a compromised host.154
G0081 Tropic Trooper Tropic Trooper has used scripts to collect the host’s network topology.129
S0436 TSCookie TSCookie has the ability to identify the IP of the infected host.118
S0647 Turian Turian can retrieve the internal IP address of a compromised host.34
G0010 Turla Turla surveys a system upon check-in to discover network configuration details using the arp -a, nbtstat -n, net config, ipconfig /all, and route commands, as well as NBTscan.41217218 Turla RPC backdoors have also retrieved registered RPC interface information from process memory.219
S0130 Unknown Logger Unknown Logger can obtain information about the victim’s IP address.113
S0275 UPPERCUT UPPERCUT has the capability to gather the victim’s proxy information.81
S0452 USBferry USBferry can detect the infected machine’s network topology using ipconfig and arp.129
S0476 Valak Valak has the ability to identify the domain and the MAC and IP addresses of an infected machine.46
S0257 VERMIN VERMIN gathers the local IP address.42
S0180 Volgmer Volgmer can gather the IP address from the victim’s machine.205
S0366 WannaCry WannaCry will attempt to determine the local network segment it is a part of.143
S0515 WellMail WellMail can identify the IP address of the victim system.108
S0514 WellMess WellMess can identify the IP address and user domain on the target machine.160161
G0102 Wizard Spider Wizard Spider has used “ipconfig” to identify the network configuration of a victim machine.251
S1065 Woody RAT Woody RAT can retrieve network interface and proxy information.155
S0341 Xbash Xbash can collect IP addresses and local intranet information from a victim’s machine.132
S0653 xCaon xCaon has used the GetAdaptersInfo() API call to get the victim’s MAC address.111
S0248 yty yty runs ipconfig /all and collects the domain name.123
S0251 Zebrocy Zebrocy runs the ipconfig /all command.185
S0230 ZeroT ZeroT gathers the victim’s IP address and domain information, and then sends it to its C2 server.184
G0128 ZIRCONIUM ZIRCONIUM has used a tool to enumerate proxy settings in the target environment.231
S0350 zwShell zwShell can obtain the victim IP address.95


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0017 Command Command Execution
DS0009 Process OS API Execution
DS0012 Script Script Execution


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