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G0079 DarkHydrus

DarkHydrus is a threat group that has targeted government agencies and educational institutions in the Middle East since at least 2016. The group heavily leverages open-source tools and custom payloads for carrying out attacks. 1 2

Item Value
ID G0079
Associated Names
Version 1.3
Created 17 October 2018
Last Modified 12 October 2021
Navigation Layer View In ATT&CK® Navigator

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
enterprise T1059 Command and Scripting Interpreter -
enterprise T1059.001 PowerShell DarkHydrus leveraged PowerShell to download and execute additional scripts for execution.12
enterprise T1187 Forced Authentication DarkHydrus used Template Injection to launch an authentication window for users to enter their credentials.3
enterprise T1564 Hide Artifacts -
enterprise T1564.003 Hidden Window DarkHydrus has used -WindowStyle Hidden to conceal PowerShell windows. 1
enterprise T1588 Obtain Capabilities -
enterprise T1588.002 Tool DarkHydrus has obtained and used tools such as Mimikatz, Empire, and Cobalt Strike.1
enterprise T1566 Phishing -
enterprise T1566.001 Spearphishing Attachment DarkHydrus has sent spearphishing emails with password-protected RAR archives containing malicious Excel Web Query files (.iqy). The group has also sent spearphishing emails that contained malicious Microsoft Office documents that use the “attachedTemplate” technique to load a template from a remote server.132
enterprise T1221 Template Injection DarkHydrus used an open-source tool, Phishery, to inject malicious remote template URLs into Microsoft Word documents and then sent them to victims to enable Forced Authentication.3
enterprise T1204 User Execution -
enterprise T1204.002 Malicious File DarkHydrus has sent malware that required users to hit the enable button in Microsoft Excel to allow an .iqy file to be downloaded.12


ID Name References Techniques
S0154 Cobalt Strike 12 Sudo and Sudo Caching:Abuse Elevation Control Mechanism Bypass User Account Control:Abuse Elevation Control Mechanism Token Impersonation/Theft:Access Token Manipulation Make and Impersonate Token:Access Token Manipulation Parent PID Spoofing:Access Token Manipulation Domain Account:Account Discovery Web Protocols:Application Layer Protocol DNS:Application Layer Protocol Application Layer Protocol BITS Jobs Browser Session Hijacking Visual Basic:Command and Scripting Interpreter Python:Command and Scripting Interpreter JavaScript:Command and Scripting Interpreter PowerShell:Command and Scripting Interpreter Windows Command Shell:Command and Scripting Interpreter Windows Service:Create or Modify System Process Standard Encoding:Data Encoding Data from Local System Protocol Impersonation:Data Obfuscation Data Transfer Size Limits Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information Asymmetric Cryptography:Encrypted Channel Symmetric Cryptography:Encrypted Channel Exploitation for Client Execution Exploitation for Privilege Escalation File and Directory Discovery Process Argument Spoofing:Hide Artifacts Disable or Modify Tools:Impair Defenses Timestomp:Indicator Removal Ingress Tool Transfer Keylogging:Input Capture Modify Registry Native API Network Service Discovery Network Share Discovery Non-Application Layer Protocol Indicator Removal from Tools:Obfuscated Files or Information Obfuscated Files or Information Office Template Macros:Office Application Startup Security Account Manager:OS Credential Dumping LSASS Memory:OS Credential Dumping Local Groups:Permission Groups Discovery Domain Groups:Permission Groups Discovery Process Discovery Process Hollowing:Process Injection Process Injection Dynamic-link Library Injection:Process Injection Protocol Tunneling Domain Fronting:Proxy Internal Proxy:Proxy Query Registry Reflective Code Loading Windows Remote Management:Remote Services SMB/Windows Admin Shares:Remote Services SSH:Remote Services Remote Desktop Protocol:Remote Services Distributed Component Object Model:Remote Services Remote System Discovery Scheduled Transfer Screen Capture Software Discovery Code Signing:Subvert Trust Controls Rundll32:System Binary Proxy Execution System Network Configuration Discovery System Network Connections Discovery System Service Discovery Service Execution:System Services Pass the Hash:Use Alternate Authentication Material Domain Accounts:Valid Accounts Local Accounts:Valid Accounts Windows Management Instrumentation
S0002 Mimikatz 12 SID-History Injection:Access Token Manipulation Account Manipulation Security Support Provider:Boot or Logon Autostart Execution Credentials from Password Stores Windows Credential Manager:Credentials from Password Stores Credentials from Web Browsers:Credentials from Password Stores LSASS Memory:OS Credential Dumping DCSync:OS Credential Dumping Security Account Manager:OS Credential Dumping LSA Secrets:OS Credential Dumping Rogue Domain Controller Steal or Forge Authentication Certificates Silver Ticket:Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets Golden Ticket:Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets Private Keys:Unsecured Credentials Pass the Ticket:Use Alternate Authentication Material Pass the Hash:Use Alternate Authentication Material
S0270 RogueRobin 14 Shortcut Modification:Boot or Logon Autostart Execution Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder:Boot or Logon Autostart Execution PowerShell:Command and Scripting Interpreter Windows Command Shell:Command and Scripting Interpreter Standard Encoding:Data Encoding Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information Ingress Tool Transfer Command Obfuscation:Obfuscated Files or Information Process Discovery Screen Capture Security Software Discovery:Software Discovery Regsvr32:System Binary Proxy Execution System Information Discovery System Network Configuration Discovery System Owner/User Discovery System Checks:Virtualization/Sandbox Evasion Bidirectional Communication:Web Service Windows Management Instrumentation