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T1074.001 Local Data Staging

Adversaries may stage collected data in a central location or directory on the local system prior to Exfiltration. Data may be kept in separate files or combined into one file through techniques such as Archive Collected Data. Interactive command shells may be used, and common functionality within cmd and bash may be used to copy data into a staging location.

Adversaries may also stage collected data in various available formats/locations of a system, including local storage databases/repositories or the Windows Registry.1

Item Value
ID T1074.001
Sub-techniques T1074.001, T1074.002
Tactics TA0009
Platforms Linux, Windows, macOS
Version 1.1
Created 13 March 2020
Last Modified 21 April 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0045 ADVSTORESHELL ADVSTORESHELL stores output from command execution in a .dat file in the %TEMP% directory.26
S0622 AppleSeed AppleSeed can stage files in a central location prior to exfiltration.35
G0007 APT28 APT28 has stored captured credential information in a file named pi.log.92
G0022 APT3 APT3 has been known to stage files for exfiltration in a single location.90
G0087 APT39 APT39 has utilized tools to aggregate data prior to exfiltration.77
S0373 Astaroth Astaroth collects data in a plaintext file named r1.log before exfiltration. 73
S0438 Attor Attor has staged collected data in a central upload directory prior to exfiltration.57
S1029 AuTo Stealer AuTo Stealer can store collected data from an infected host to a file named Hostname_UserName.txt prior to exfiltration.38
G0135 BackdoorDiplomacy BackdoorDiplomacy has copied files of interest to the main drive’s recycle bin.18
S0128 BADNEWS BADNEWS copies documents under 15MB found on the victim system to is the user’s %temp%\SMB\ folder. It also copies files from USB devices to a predefined directory.1920
S0337 BadPatch BadPatch stores collected data in log files before exfiltration.62
S0651 BoxCaon BoxCaon has created a working folder for collected files that it sends to the C2 server.69
C0015 C0015 During C0015, PowerView’s file share enumeration results were stored in the file c:\ProgramData\found_shares.txt.98
C0017 C0017 During C0017, APT41 copied the local SAM and SYSTEM Registry hives to a staging directory.96
S0274 Calisto Calisto uses a hidden directory named .calisto to store data from the victim’s machine before exfiltration.6465
S0335 Carbon Carbon creates a base directory that contains the files and folders that are collected.5
S0261 Catchamas Catchamas stores the gathered data from the machine in .db files and .bmp files under four separate locations.3
S1043 ccf32 ccf32 can temporarily store files in a hidden directory on the local host.13
G0114 Chimera Chimera has staged stolen data locally on compromised hosts.76
S0667 Chrommme Chrommme can store captured system information locally prior to exfiltration.37
S0538 Crutch Crutch has staged stolen files in the C:\AMD\Temp directory.6
S0673 DarkWatchman DarkWatchman can stage local data in the Windows Registry.1
G0035 Dragonfly Dragonfly has created a directory named “out” in the user’s %AppData% folder and copied files to it.84
S0567 Dtrack Dtrack can save collected data to disk, different file formats, and network shares.2829
S0038 Duqu Modules can be pushed to and executed by Duqu that copy data to a staging area, compress it, and XOR encrypt it.2
S0062 DustySky DustySky created folders in temp directories to host collected files before exfiltration.51
S0024 Dyre Dyre has the ability to create files in a TEMP folder to act as a database to store information.34
S0593 ECCENTRICBANDWAGON ECCENTRICBANDWAGON has stored keystrokes and screenshots within the %temp%\GoogleChrome, %temp%\Downloads, and %temp%\TrendMicroUpdate directories.53
S0081 Elise Elise creates a file in AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Explorer and stores all harvested data in that file.23
S0343 Exaramel for Windows Exaramel for Windows specifies a path to store files scheduled for exfiltration.40
G0053 FIN5 FIN5 scripts save memory dump data into a specific directory on hosts in the victim environment.89
S0036 FLASHFLOOD FLASHFLOOD stages data it copies from the local system or removable drives in the “%WINDIR%\$NtUninstallKB885884$" directory.46
S0503 FrameworkPOS FrameworkPOS can identifiy payment card track data on the victim and copy it to a local file in a subdirectory of C:\Windows.10
S1044 FunnyDream FunnyDream can stage collected information including screen captures and logged keystrokes locally.13
G0093 GALLIUM GALLIUM compressed and staged files in multi-part archives in the Recycle Bin prior to exfiltration.91
S0249 Gold Dragon Gold Dragon stores information gathered from the endpoint in a file named 1.hwp.54
S0170 Helminth Helminth creates folders to store output from batch scripts prior to sending the information to its C2 server.16
G0119 Indrik Spider Indrik Spider has stored collected date in a .tmp file.83
S0260 InvisiMole InvisiMole determines a working directory where it stores all the gathered data about the compromised machine.4243
S0265 Kazuar Kazuar stages command output and collected data in files before exfiltration.58
S0526 KGH_SPY KGH_SPY can save collected system information to a file named “info” before exfiltration.32
G0094 Kimsuky Kimsuky has staged collected data files under C:\Program Files\Common Files\System\Ole DB\.8788
G0032 Lazarus Group Lazarus Group malware IndiaIndia saves information gathered about the victim to a file that is saved in the %TEMP% directory, then compressed, encrypted, and uploaded to a C2 server.9594
G0065 Leviathan Leviathan has used C:\Windows\Debug and C:\Perflogs as staging directories.8586
S0395 LightNeuron LightNeuron can store email data in files and directories specified in its configuration, such as C:\Windows\ServiceProfiles\NetworkService\appdata\Local\Temp\.55
S0409 Machete Machete stores files and logs in a folder on the local drive.1112
S1016 MacMa MacMa has stored collected files locally before exfiltration.17
S1060 Mafalda Mafalda can place retrieved files into a destination directory.15
S0652 MarkiRAT MarkiRAT can store collected data locally in a created .nfo file.68
G0045 menuPass menuPass stages data prior to exfiltration in multi-part archives, often saved in the Recycle Bin.82
S0443 MESSAGETAP MESSAGETAP stored targeted SMS messages that matched its target list in CSV files on the compromised system.24
S1059 metaMain metaMain has stored the collected system files in a working directory.1566
S1015 Milan Milan has saved files prior to upload from a compromised host to folders beginning with the characters a9850d2f.59
S0084 Mis-Type Mis-Type has temporarily stored collected information to the files “%AppData%\{Unique Identifier}\HOSTRURKLSR” and “%AppData%\{Unique Identifier}\NEWERSSEMP”.56
S0149 MoonWind MoonWind saves information from its keylogging routine as a .zip file in the present working directory.7
G0069 MuddyWater MuddyWater has stored a decoy PDF file within a victim’s %temp% folder.80
G0129 Mustang Panda Mustang Panda has stored collected credential files in c:\windows\temp prior to exfiltration. Mustang Panda has also stored documents for exfiltration in a hidden folder on USB drives.7475
S0247 NavRAT NavRAT writes multiple outputs to a TMP file using the >> method.49
S0198 NETWIRE NETWIRE has the ability to write collected data to a file created in the ./LOGS directory.14
S0353 NOKKI NOKKI can collect data from the victim and stage it in LOCALAPPDATA%\MicroSoft Updatea\uplog.tmp.72
S0644 ObliqueRAT ObliqueRAT can copy specific files, webcam captures, and screenshots to local directories.48
S0340 Octopus Octopus has stored collected information in the Application Data directory on a compromised host.2122
S0264 OopsIE OopsIE stages the output from command execution and collected files in specific folders before exfiltration.27
C0006 Operation Honeybee During Operation Honeybee, stolen data was copied into a text file using the format From <COMPUTER-NAME> (<Month>-<Day> <Hour>-<Minute>-<Second>).txt prior to compression, encoding, and exfiltration.97
C0014 Operation Wocao During Operation Wocao, threat actors staged archived files in a temporary directory prior to exfiltration.99
G0040 Patchwork Patchwork copied all targeted files to a directory called index that was eventually uploaded to the C&C server.20
S0012 PoisonIvy PoisonIvy stages collected data in a text file.50
S1012 PowerLess PowerLess can stage stolen browser data in C:\\Windows\\Temp\\cup.tmp and keylogger data in C:\\Windows\\Temp\\Report.06E17A5A-7325-4325-8E5D-E172EBA7FC5BK.63
S0113 Prikormka Prikormka creates a directory, %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\SKC\, which is used to store collected log files.39
S0147 Pteranodon Pteranodon creates various subdirectories under %Temp%\reports\% and copies files to those subdirectories. It also creates a folder at C:\Users\\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\store to store screenshot JPEG files.60
S0196 PUNCHBUGGY PUNCHBUGGY has saved information to a random temp file before exfil.61
S0197 PUNCHTRACK PUNCHTRACK aggregates collected data in a tmp file.67
S0650 QakBot QakBot has stored stolen emails and other data into new folders prior to exfiltration.52
S0629 RainyDay RainyDay can use a file exfiltration tool to copy files to C:\ProgramData\Adobe\temp prior to exfiltration.36
S0458 Ramsay Ramsay can stage data prior to exfiltration in %APPDATA%\Microsoft\UserSetting and %APPDATA%\Microsoft\UserSetting\MediaCache.7071
S0169 RawPOS Data captured by RawPOS is placed in a temporary file under a directory named “memdump”.44
S0090 Rover Rover copies files from removable drives to C:\system.45
G0121 Sidewinder Sidewinder has collected stolen files in a temporary folder in preparation for exfiltration.79
S0615 SombRAT SombRAT can store harvested data in a custom database under the %TEMP% directory.4
S0035 SPACESHIP SPACESHIP identifies files with certain extensions and copies them to a directory in the user’s profile.46
S1037 STARWHALE STARWHALE has stored collected data in a file called stari.txt.33
S1042 SUGARDUMP SUGARDUMP has stored collected data under %<malware_execution_folder>%\\CrashLog.txt.25
G0139 TeamTNT TeamTNT has aggregated collected credentials in text files before exfiltrating.93
G0088 TEMP.Veles TEMP.Veles has created staging folders in directories that were infrequently used by legitimate users or processes.81
G0027 Threat Group-3390 Threat Group-3390 has locally staged encrypted archives for later exfiltration efforts.78
S0094 Trojan.Karagany Trojan.Karagany can create directories to store plugin output and stage data for exfiltration.89
S0647 Turian Turian can store copied files in a specific directory prior to exfiltration.18
S0386 Ursnif Ursnif has used tmp files to stage gathered information.47
S0136 USBStealer USBStealer collects files matching certain criteria from the victim and stores them in a local directory for later exfiltration.3031
S0251 Zebrocy Zebrocy stores all collected information in a single file before exfiltration.41


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0017 Command Command Execution
DS0022 File File Access
DS0024 Windows Registry Windows Registry Key Modification


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