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T1003.007 Proc Filesystem

Adversaries may gather credentials from the proc filesystem or /proc. The proc filesystem is a pseudo-filesystem used as an interface to kernel data structures for Linux based systems managing virtual memory. For each process, the /proc/<PID>/maps file shows how memory is mapped within the process’s virtual address space. And /proc/<PID>/mem, exposed for debugging purposes, provides access to the process’s virtual address space.41

When executing with root privileges, adversaries can search these memory locations for all processes on a system that contain patterns that are indicative of credentials, such as looking for fixed strings in memory structures or cached hashes. When running without privileged access, processes can still view their own virtual memory locations. Some services or programs may save credentials in clear text inside the process’s memory.32

If running as or with the permissions of a web browser, a process can search the /maps & /mem locations for common website credential patterns (that can also be used to find adjacent memory within the same structure) in which hashes or cleartext credentials may be located.

Item Value
ID T1003.007
Sub-techniques T1003.001, T1003.002, T1003.003, T1003.004, T1003.005, T1003.006, T1003.007, T1003.008
Tactics TA0006
Platforms Linux
Version 1.1
Created 11 February 2020
Last Modified 15 April 2023

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0349 LaZagne LaZagne can use the <PID>/maps and <PID>/mem files to identify regex patterns to dump cleartext passwords from the browser’s process memory.54
S0179 MimiPenguin MimiPenguin can use the <PID>/maps and <PID>/mem file to search for regex patterns and dump the process memory.34


ID Mitigation Description
M1027 Password Policies Ensure that root accounts have complex, unique passwords across all systems on the network.
M1026 Privileged Account Management Follow best practices in restricting access to privileged accounts to avoid hostile programs from accessing sensitive information.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0017 Command Command Execution
DS0022 File File Access